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^Bazard Ahalyses 

Rosebud Creek 
Tributaries ^ 



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Stillwater County 
Montana 





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Prepared By 

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE 
SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE 

Bozeman. Montana 



in coaperatjon with 
Montana Departmant of Natural Rasources and Conservation 
Beartoeth Resource Conservation and Development Project 
Stillwater County Conservation District 
Stillwater County 



Montana Stale Library 



3 0864 1004 6188 1 



FLOOD HAZARD ANALYSES 
ROSEBUD CREEK TRIBUTARIES 

STILLWATER COUNTY MONTANA 



^ ^ ^ // ^ j T^ 



Prepared by 

UNITED STATES 

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE 

SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE 

Bozcman , Montana 



in cooperation with 

Montana Department of Natural Resources and Conservation 

Beartooth Resource Conservation and Development Project 

Stillwater County Conservation District 

Stillwater County 

AUGUST 1975 



TABLE OF CONTENTS 

Page 

Introduction 1-3 

Drainage Area and Location Map (Figure 1) 4 

Description of the Watershed 5-6 

Description of the Study Area 6-7 

Flooding Problems 8-9 

Sources of Data and Methods of Study 9-10 

Photo Plates 11-14 

Study Results 15-16 

Use of the Study 16-19 

Flood Hazard Area Sketch (Figure 2) 17 

Continued Observations 19 

Flood Hazard Photomaps 

Fishtail Creek Photomap 1-7 21-28 

West Rosebud Creek Photomap 8-11, 13-19 . . . . 29-32, 34-40 

Fiddler Creek Photomap 12 33 

Ingersoll Creek Photomap 20-21 41-42 

East Rosebud Creek Photomap 22-25 43-46 

Butcher Creek Photomap 24-26 45-47 

Channel Bottom and Water Surface Profiles 

Butcher Creek 48-49 

Fishtail Creek 50-53 

East Rosebud Creek 54-55 

West Rosebud Creek 56-60 

Fiddler Creek 61 

Ingersoll Creek 62 

Appendix A— Supplementary Tables and Reference Data (Green) 63-106 

Table l--Flood Frequency Discharges for Selected Cross Sections 63-64 

S Area Flooded By 100-Yr. and 500-Yr. Frequency Storms 

Table 2--Flood Plain Reference Data 65-81 

Butcher Creek 65-66 

Fishtail Creek 67-71 

East Rosebud Creek 72-73 

West Rosebud Creek 74-78 

Fiddler Creek 79 

Ingersoll Creek 80-81 



Page 

Table 3--Bridge Data and Flood Elevations 82-83 

82 

Butcher Creek g2 

Fishtail Creek g2 

East Rosebud Creek 03 

West Rosebud Creek go 

Fiddler Creek g2 

Ingersoll Creek g2 

Table 4- -Culvert Data and Flood Elevations 84 

West Rosebud Creek 84 

Ingersoll Creek 84 

Table 5--Floodway Data Tabulation- -Increased Depth-Remaining 

Flood Plain Width Values 85-92 

Butcher Creek 85 

Fishtail Creek 85-88 

East Rosebud Creek 88-89 

West Rosebud Creek 89-91 

Fiddler Creek 91 

Ingersoll Creek 91-92 

SCS Temporary Bench Marks (Used for this report) 93-106 ^ 

Appendix B— Flood Plain Soils Data (Yellow) 107-125 

Description of Series and Mapping Units 107-112 

Interpretations of Soils 113-118 

Table 6--Table of Soil Interpretations for Selected Uses ... 119 

Soils Glossary 121-125 

Appendix C— Legal Reference (Blue) 127-145 

C-i--Montana Floodway Management and Regulation Act 127-134 

C-2--Flood Plain Regulations Adopted by Montana 

Department of Natural Resources and Conservation 135-145 



FLOOD HAZARD ANALYSES 
ROSEBUD CREEK TRIBUTARIES 

STILLWATER COUNTY, MONTANA 

INTRODUCTION 

This flood hazard study was requested by the Montana Department 
of Natural Resources and Conservation on behalf of Stillwater County and 
the Stillwater Conservation District. The request was a result of the 
joint meeting between the Stillwater County Commissioners and the Stillwater 
Conservation District on April 8, 1974. The cooperative agreement and 
plan of study were signed June 3, 1974. 

The Soil Conservation Service carried out this cooperative study to 
provide flood hazard information to private citizens and the state and 
local governments. Local officials recognize the need to delineate flood 
hazard areas. Flooding results in threats to health and safety and high 
costs for road repair, bridges, fences, building damage, debris cleanup, 
utility repairs, and rescue work. The costs of floods are of concern to 
all taxpayers as well as the property owners. This report is intended 
to serve as a guide for the wise use of the flood plain by delineating 
the areas subject to inundation by the 100-year frequency flood. 

Flood hazard analyses are carried out by the Soil Conservation Service 
as an outgrowth of the recommendations in A Report by the Task Force on 
Federal Flood Control Policy , House Document No. 465, (89th Congress --August 
10, 1966), especially Recommendation 9(c), "Regulation of Land Use." 



-1- 



Authority for funding flood hazard analyses is provided by Section 6 
of Public Law 83-566, which authorizes the U. S. Department of Agriculture 
to cooperate with other federal, state, and local agencies to make investi- 
gations and surveys of the watersheds of rivers and other waterways as a 
basis for the development of coordinated programs. 

In carrying out flood hazard analyses, the Soil Conservation Service 
(SCS) is being responsive to Executive Order 11296, dated August 10, 1966, 
especially to Section 1(4), which directs that: 

"All executive agencies responsible for programs which 

entail land use planning shall take flood hazards into account 

when evaluating plans and shall encourage land use appropriate 

to the degree of hazard involved." 

In 1971 the Montana legislature passed the Montana Floodway Management 
and Regulation Act, title 89, chapter 35, Revised Code of Montana. This 
Act was revised by the 1973 and 1974 legislatures. It authorizes the 
Montana Department of Natural Resources and Conservation to initiate a 
comprehensive program of floodway delineation and regulation for the entire 
state. (See Appendix C for regulations.) 

Encroachments into the flood plain by land filling, railroads, highways, 
channel modification, and other developments may constrict the flow of 
floodwater. These constrictions generally increase floodwater depths and 
velocities within the remaining flood plain. 

This report contains 26 flood hazard photomaps showing flood plain soils 
information and the outline of the 100-year frequency flood lines along 



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portions of Butcher, East Rosebud, West Rosebud, Ingersoll, Fishtail, 

and Fiddler Creeks. Also included in the report are water surface profiles, 

soil interpretations, flood photographs, and other related flood plain 

data. 

The 10-, 25-, 50-, 100- , and 500-year frequency floods were analyzed. 
A 100-year flood occurs once in 100 years on the average or has a one 
percent chance of occurring in any given year. Only the 100-year flood 
lines are shown on the aerial photomaps and water surface profiles. Informa- 
tion for the 10-, 25-, 50-, 100- , and 500-year floods are shown in the 
flood frequency-elevation data in Appendix A (see table 2) . Elevations 
for other frequency floods can be determined from the basic support data 
on file with the Soil Conservation Service. 

This report is the second of three flood hazard analyses on the Stillwater 
River and its tributaries in Stillwater County and is a continuation of 
Stillwater River and Rosebud Creek Flood Hazard Analysis report published 
May 1974. 



■3- 



DESCRIPTION OF THE WATERSHED 

East Rosebud Creek and West Rosebud Creek have their headwaters in 
the Beartooth Mountains near the Montana-Wyoming border in southcentral 
Montana. Rosebud Creek has a drainage area of 394 square miles — 219 square 
miles in Stillwater County; 39 in Park County; and 136 in Carbon County. 
About 235 square miles of the drainage area are in the Custer National 
Forest; of this area, 112 square miles lie within the Beartooth Primitive 
Area. (See location map, page 4.) 

East Rosebud, West Rosebud, and Butcher Creeks join approximately 
three miles south of Absarokee to form Rosebud Creek. Rosebud Creek is 
the largest tributary of the Stillwater River. The Stillwater River flows 
into the Yellowstone River near Columbus. The Yellowstone River is a 
tributary of the Missouri River in the Missouri Region. 

The topography of the area varies from rugged mountains to smooth 
valley bottoms. Approximately one-half of the drainage area is in the 
Beartooth Mountains. Much of the area is above timber line and consists 
of jagged peaks and basins formed by recent glaciers. There are many 
small glacial lakes in the area, particularly at higher elevations. 

The remainder of the watershed is rolling plains and foothill country 
used primarily as rangeland . The valley bottomlands are used primarily 
for irrigated hayland and pasture. 

The elevation of the highest point in the watershed, also the highest 
point in Montana, is Granite Peak — 12,799 feet mean sea level; and the 
lowest is at Smith Bridge — 4,178 feet — approximately three miles south 
of Absarokee near the confluence of East and West Rosebud Creeks. 



-5- 



Annual precipitation varies between 70 inches in the mountains to 
16-18 inches near Absarokee. Much of the precipitation in the higher 
elevations falls as snow. The normal snow depth on the Beartooth Plateau 
is 10-12 feet, but depths exceeding 20 feet have been measured. Snow 
remains on some of the mountain peaks throughout the year. These mountains 
are well-timbered at lower elevations. Many glaciers exist at high elevations, 
Because of these conditions, the abundance of winter snows, and the size 
of the drainage areas, the irrigation water supply is generally adequate 
on East and West Rosebud Creeks. Shortages do occur in dry years on Fishtail, 
Fiddler, and Ingersoll Creeks. 

The Montana Power Company has a hydroelectric power plant located below 
Mystic Lake which regulates the flow of West Rosebud Creek. This lake 
regulates peak outflows to a limited extent. The impoundment supplements 
low flows especially during the late irrigation season. 

East Rosebud Lake is the largest of the many natural lakes in the 
East Rosebud Creek drainage. These lakes also regulate flood peaks from 
the upstream drainage area. 

The study area was once part of the ancestral home of the Crow Indian 
tribe and was part of the original Crow Reservation, but was opened to 
homestead ing by treaty in 1892. 

DESCRIPTION OF THE STUDY AREA 

This flood hazard analysis study area includes Butcher Creek and 
East Rosebud Creek, from the Smith Bridge to the Carbon County line; West 
Rosebud Creek, from Smith Bridge to the Custer National Forest boundary; 



-6- 



Ingersoll Creek, from its confluence with West Rosebud Creek; to approxi- 
mately four miles upstream; Fishtail Creek, from its confluence with West 
Rosebud Creek, to the Custer National Forest boundary; and Fiddler Creek, 
from its confluence with West Rosebud Creek, to approximately two miles 
upstream. (See location map, figure 1, page 4.) 

The town of Fishtail, population 73, is the only urban community in 
the study area. It is located on the flood plain of West Rosebud Creek. 
(See photo plate 2, page 12.) 

Flood plain land use in the study area is primarily irrigated hayland 
and pastureland. Numerous farm and ranch headquarters and recreation 
homes have been built on the bottomlands. Further development on these 
lands appears likely. 

Several private and corporate irrigation ditches have their point of 
diversion in the study area or carry water into the study area by direct 
upstream diversions. 

East and West Rosebud Creeks are torrential-type streams. Normal 
velocities exceeding 5-8 feet per second are common. The channel gradient 
varies from 0.6-2.0 feet per 100 feet. The channel bottom is generally 
covered with cobbles and boulders 3 to 18 inches in diameter. F;Lner 
materials move swiftly downstream and are seldom deposited in the stream 
channel. Scouring associated with these velocities causes serious channel 
changing problems when ice or debris jams occur. 

Forty-nine miles of stream channel were analyzed within the study 
area. The area flooded within the study area by a 500-year frequency 
storm is about 2,472 acres and the area flooded by a 100-year frequency 
storm is about 2,183 acres. 



-7- 



FLOODING PROBLEMS 

Major flooding occurs when rainstorms are combined with the heaviest 
snowmelt in May and June. Flooding is also caused by high-intensity rainstorms 
later in the summer. Damaging flood discharges have occurred on June 16, 1911; 
June 12, 1921; June 13, 1923; June 16, 1962; June 15, 1967; July 13, 1967; and 
June 18, 1974. These peak flows were recorded by the U. S. Geological Survey 
(USGS) stream gages on East Rosebud Creek, West Rosebud Creek, Butcher Creek, 
and at Mystic Lake. 

Winter flooding also occurs on East and West Rosebud Creeks. This 
flooding is usually caused by these streams freezing from the bottom up. This 
phenomenon causes the channel to become full of ice and the water is then 
forced out of the banks. This is a rather common occurrence at Fishtail. 
Water has been over the highway and into buildings several times in the last 
few years. This flooding condition creates a special problem since the water, 
in some cases, will rise higher than the 100-year flood level. 

Many homes have been built on the flood plains of the study area. Some 
buildings are inundated by moderately high flows, while others are situated 
well above the 100-year flood level. Some of these home sites have creek 
crossings with under-sized culverts and bridges. This adds to the flooding 
problem and causes sedimentation and erosion damage to the banks and channel. 

Several miles of stream channel have been modified through channel 
straightening. These modifications were made to redirect the streamflow 
to irrigation headgates, changes direction of flow, or to build gravel 



dikes. This practice has required the expenditure of considerable local 
and federal funds to protect developments. Normal stream patterns are 
usually affected a considerable distance upstream and dovmstream from 
where channel straightening occurs. 

Some irrigation ditches contribute to the flooding problem by diverting 
floodwater from the main channel to old channels and other low areas on 
the edge of the flood plain. 

SOURCES OF DATA AND METHODS OF STUDY 

Basic data used in this study include topographic maps, flood-prone 
area maps, and streamflow records published by the USGS; Coast and Geodetic 
Survey bench marks (BM) ; Forest Service maps; "Guidelines for Action," 
Bear tooth RC&D Project, Carbon and Stillwater Counties, Montana; and the 
newspaper. The Columbus News . The photomaps in this report are from 1970 
aerial photographs of the Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation 
Service, USDA. (See photomaps 1 through 26.) Other physical data were 
obtained from locally available maps and engineering field surveys. 

The soils information in this report, taken from Soil Conservation 
Service Soil Survey Data of Stillwater County, is confined to the flood 
plain and some adjacent terraces. In general, the soils are underlain 
by deep valley fill of relatively porous sand and gravel. Some areas 
have smooth surface topography, but others are very irregular and broken 
by old shallow stream meanders. Soil boundaries and symbols are printed 
in red on the photomaps. Soil mapping units have been indentifed and 
detailed descriptions and interpretations are found in Appendix B. 



-9- 



The first steps in the study consisted of reviewing historical flood 
data, high water marks, stream gage records, flood photos, and maps. 
The frequencies of historic floods were determined by analysis of streamflow 
records available in the general area. Water surface profile determinations 
were made using historical data combined with available SCS hydrology 
and hydraulic automatic data processing programs to establish elevation- 
discharge relationships. Water surface profiles and delineated flood 
lines are based on existing watershed, flood plain, and channel conditions. 

The water surface profiles providing elevation-discharge relation- 
ships were used to establish flood elevations for the various frequency 
flood events at each surveyed cross section. Photos and flood elevations 
of the 1967 and the 1974 floods were used as checks for the computed water 
surface profiles. 

Engineering field surveys were made by SCS field crews and employees 
of Stillwater County. The elevations of each stream channel were established 
and cross sections surveyed at representative locations. Flood lines 
were located between valley cross sections by stereoscopic interpretations, 
additional field surveys, and historical records of high water marks. 



■10- 



PLATE 1 




SCS Photo 

June 1967 floodwater damages farm buildings and fences on Butcher Creek. 
Bank erosion, as shown above, contributes to downstream sediment damages. 






SCS Photo 



Floodwater from Butcher Creek flows onto Rosebud Creek flood plain. 
Smith Bridge on Rosebud Creek shown in the background. 

11 



PLATE 2 




SCS Photo 

Floodwater has flowed over the main street of Fishtail (Montana Highway 
420) several times in recent years, causing floodwater and sediment 
damages . 



12 



PLATE 3 




SCS Photo 



High water of June 1967 damaged many roads and bridges on Butcher Creek. 




SCS Photo 



13 



PLATE 4 




SCS Photo 

High water in June 1967 along West Rosebud Creek. Note how overflow 
occurs in side channels and on low flood plain areas. 




SCS Photo 



High water along Fishtail Creek endangers many buildings, 



14 



STUDY RESULTS 

This flood hazard analysis report primarily focuses on information 
concerning the 100-year frequency flood. 

For information about the estimated floodwater elevation at a specific 
location, refer to the aerial photomaps to determine where this location 
is relative to the nearest upstream and downstream surveyed cross sections. 
Interpolation is necessary between cross sections to arrive at an estimated 
floodwater elevation from flood plain reference data tables. Appendix A. 

Appendix A provides supplemental data and tables for flood frequency- 
discharges, elevations of various frequency floods and bridges, increased 
depth-remaining floodway widths, and bench mark information. 

Another method to find a floodwater elevation at a specific location 
is to determine the channel station at the location in question from the 
photomaps. Next, find the location of that station on the water surface 
profile. Read the flood elevation directly from the profile by going 
vertically from the station scale to the plotted flood elevation line 
and then horizontally to read the elevation. 

The preceding methods will give flood elevations on the flood plain 
for all sections except those footnoted in the flood plain reference data 
tables. The flood plain at the footnoted cross sections has one or more 
old channels other than the main channel. The flow in these side channels 
will be of varying depths and amounts and the water surface in these instances 
will vary from the published data. 

The delineated areas subject to inundation by the 100-year flood 
on the photomaps may include small areas that do not flood and may not 
include small outlying areas that do flood. 

-15- 



During an actual flood the water surface elevations may vary from 
the estimated levels as the result of debris accumulations, bank erosion, 
sediment deposition, or channel scouring. Since debris accumulations 
are not predictable, they are not reflected in the flood boundary delineations 
and water surface profiles shown in this report. New developments in 
the flood plain such as dikes, roads, fills, or other modifications will 
affect the extent and depth of flooding. Because of these possible variations, 
it is advisable to apply a freeboard factor of several feet when using 
the predicted water surface elevations. 

USE OF THE STUDY DATA 

The data in this report are intended to serve as a technical basis 
for a local flood plain management program and as a basis for further 
study and planning on the part of Stillwater County, Stillwater Conservation 
District, and the Montana Department of Natural Resources and Conservation. 
Needed future action should include local planning programs to regulate 
development; flood plain zoning and subdivision regulations; and construction 
of flood protections works. 

The following nonstructual measures should be used to minimize flood 

losses: 

Land Use Planning Flood Plain Development 

Flood Plain Development Policies 

Flood Plain Control Regulations 

Flood Plain Filling Regulations 

Flood Plain Acquisitions 

Flood Plain Zoning 

Upstream Land Treatment Program 

Flood Warning System 

Flood Insurance 

Tax Adjustments 

Health Regulations 

Building Codes 

-16- 



FIGURE 2 

FLOOD HAZARD AREAS 



rtain 



-IM-Ytar Fload PImii- 
— DMiffMttii f\mdm»y - 



fi—i Etovatwa WiiM CMfiM^ 
Wttkm DatifMlMlFlMtfwiy 




J^m^4 PUiw 



Frinie 



AlltMtblt 



Fload Elevation Before 
Encrtechmant an Flood Plain 



Lino A-fl i* the flaad ejovotiaa Mora MKrMcliMOot . 

line C-D is the flood elevatiofl after oUoweMe eneroachmant. 



The concept of a floodway is used as a tool to assist local community 
governments in flood plain management. The 100-year flood plain is 
divided into a designated floodway and a floodway fringe. The desig- 
nated floodway is the channel of a stream plus any adjacent flood plain 
areas that must be kept free of encroachment to prevent substantial 
increases in the 100-year flood heights. The State of Montana limits 
such increases in flood heights to 0.5 foot, provided that hazardous 
velocities are not produced. See Appendix C. All proposed encroach- 
ments must meet State and local regulations. 

The designated floodway for this study was computed on the basis of 
equal hydraulic conveyance reduction from each side of the flood plain. 
The results of these computations are tabulated in table 5, pages 85-92. 



-17- 



Protective structural measures which would complement the preceding 
measures include: 



Floodwater Retarding Reservoirs 

Channel Improvement 

Levees, Dikes, and Floodways 

Pumps 

Floodproofing 

Watershed Treatment 

Urban Relocation 



Under the law, many land uses are compatible with periodic flooding 
and are permitted within the designated floodway (see figure 2) to the 
extent that they are not prohibited by any other statute. Some "open 
space" uses allowed within the designated floodway are agricultural uses, 
industrial and commercial uses such as loading areas or parking areas, 
and open- type public and private recreation areas. Buildings for living 
purposes or commercial structures and excavations may be allowed on the 
flood plain fringe provided they are adequately flood-proofed. 

Flood damage reduction can be achieved only through proper recogni- 
tion of the hazards associated with flood plain development. County 
commissioners and other responsible local officials should take the steps 
necessary to regulate development and assure wise flood plain land use. 
Zoning and subdivision regulations are two regulatory tools available to 
local officials to prevent unwise development in flood-prone areas. 

Land use planning for the flood-prone areas should include the 
following: 

1. A designated floodway be reserved for open-space uses. 

2. That residential and commercial uses be located outside the 
100-year flood area or in the fringe area and be properly 
flood-proofed. 

3. That minor structures, if permitted in flood-prone areas, be 
suitably anchored to prevent flotation. 

-18- 



4. That no use be allowed that increases the elevation of the water 
surface in the 100-year flood plain by more than 0.5 foot. 

Encroachments in the 100-year flood plain will increase flood depths 
and damage to existing property within the remaining floodway area. Table 
5 indicates the amount the total flood area could be constricted to cause 
a 0.5-foot or 1.0-foot increase in flood elevation. These data can be 
used to estimate the effect of individual developments. This reduction 
in flood plain width is based on equal reduction in the floodway conveyance 
factors on both sides of the channel. 

The Montana Department of Natural Resources and Conservation and 
the Soil Conservation Service will, upon request, provide technical assistance 
to federal, state, and local agencies and organizations in the interpretation 
and use of the information developed in this study. 

CONTINUED OBSERVATIONS 

The data presented in this report have been derived from a limited 
history of past flood events. Observation of future flood heights and 
flood discharges should be continued and the computed values checked and 
refined by these observations. The assistance of individuals in the flood 
plain is required in this future observation program. Local residents 
should be encouraged to make accurate observations, including photographs 
of flood heights on their properties. These data should be collected 
and reported to each involved local government. 



-19- 




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FIGURE 3 



Photomap Index 

Rosebud Creek Tributaries 
Flood Hazard Analyses 

STILLWATER COUNTY , MOIMTAIMA 



AUGUST 1975 

LEGEND 

Photomap Area Coverage — 



MILES 




21 




Photomap Index 

Rosebud Creek Tributaries 
Flood Hazard Analyses 

STILLWATER COUNTY . MONTANA 



AUGUST 1975 

LEGEND 

Photomap Area Coverage ^ 



22 



^ 



3 MILES 



SCALE 1:84,4 



SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE 
***' US DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE 



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O US 







21 




SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE 



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Photomap 1 

Flood Hazard Photo 

Rosebud Creek Tributaries 
Flood Hazard Analyses 

STILLWATER COUNTY. MONTANA 

AUGUST 1975 
JULY 1970 AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHY 



map 



■C><X>00<] Designated Floodway 
^— ^— 100-Year Flood Line 

100-Year Flooded Area 
(MbAi Soils Area Boundary and Symbol 
^5j Valley Cross Section 



500 



1000 



1500 ft 



Scale in Feet 



1 6,000 




/ 







SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE 



+ 



Photomap 1 

Flood Hazard Photomap 

Rosebud Creek Tributaries 
Flood Hazard Analyses 

STILLWATER COUNTY, MONTANA 

AUGUST 1975 
JULY 1970 AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHY 

■^^OOOCx^ Designated Floodway 

■™— — 100-Year Flood Line 

"""""■"' 100-Year Flooded Area 

iMb^ Soils Area Boundary and Symbol 

^5) Valley Cross Section 



1000 



1500 ft 




6,000 







,0 p^° ^ 



+ 



us DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE 



SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE 




Photomap 1 

Flood Hazard Photomap 

Rosebud Creek Tributaries 
Flood Hazard Analyses 

STILLWATER COUNTY. MONTANA 

AUGUST 1975 
JULY 1970 AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHY 



•/VQwZ Designated Floodway 
-^■^— 100-Year Flood Line 

100-Year Flooded Area 
(!MbA) Soils Area Boundary and Symbol 
(s) Valley Cross Section 



1000 

a4= 



1 6,000 



1500 ft 



sl 



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-22- 



SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE 




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Photomap 2 

Flood Hazard Photoi 

Rosebud Creek Tributaries 
Flood Hazard Analyses 

STILLWATER COUNTY. MONTANA 

AUGUST 1975 
JULY 1970 AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHY 



lap 



XyQ6^QC Designated Floodway 
— — ^^ 100-Year Flood Line 

100-Year Flooded Area 



( Mb a] Soils Area Boundary and Symbol 
^5^ Valley Cross Section 



500 

Scale in Feet 



1000 



1500 ft 



1 6.000 



23 



SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE 




Photomap 2 

Flood Hazard Photoi 

Rosebud Creek Tributaries 
Flood Hazard Analyses 

STILLWATER COUNTY. MONTANA 

AUGUST 1975 
JULY 1970 AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHY 



lap 



\yC><yCK; Designated Floodway 
^■^—— 100-Year Flood Line 

100-Year Flooded Area 



( Mb a] Soils Area Boundary and Symbol 
^ (^ Valley Cross Section 



500 

Scale in Feet 



1000 



1500 ft 



1 6,000 



u 




-23- 



us DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE 



SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE 




-23- 



SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE 




Photomap 3 

Flood Hazard Photomap 

Rosebud Creek Tributaries 
Flood Hazard Analyses 

STILLWATER COUNTY. MONTANA 

AUGUST 1975 
JULY 1970 AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHY 

/jy^fA& Designated Floodway 

100-Year Flood Line 

100-Year Flooded Area 
(MbA) Soils Area Boundary and Symbol 
(^ Valley Cross Section 





6.000 



-24- 



SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE 




Photomap 3 

Flood Hazard Photomap 

Rosebud Creek Tributaries 
Flood Hazard Analyses 

STILLWATER COUNTY, MONTANA 

AUGUST 1975 
JULY 1970 AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHY 

A&^fAC7 Designated Floodway 

100-Year Flood Line 

100-Year Flooded Area 

(MbA) Soils Area Boundary and Symbol 

^5J Valley Cross Section 

1500 ft 



1 : 6.000 



us DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE 



SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE 




us 




SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE 



5^ 



Photomap 4 

Flood Hazard Photoi 

Rosebud Creek Tributaries 
Flood Hazard Analyses 

STILLWATER COUNTY, MONTANA 



lap 



I- 



It 




AUGUST 1975 
JULY 1970 AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHY 

^^^^^ Designated Floodway 



100-Year Flood Line 
100-Year Flooded Area 

(MbAj Soils Area Boundary and Symbol 

^5) Valley Cross Section 



500 

Scale in Feat 



1000 



1500 ft 



1 6,000 



-25- 



SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE 



Photomap 4 

Flood Hazard Photomap 

Rosebud Creek Tributaries 
Flood Hazard Analyses 

STILLWATER COUNTY, MONTANA 




AUGUST 1975 
JULY 1970 AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHY 

^^^^^ Designated Floodway 



100-Year Flood Line 
100-Year Flooded Area 

[MbA} Soils Area Boundary and Symbol 

(b) Valley Cross Section 



1000 



1500 ft 



6.000 



us DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE 



SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE 




SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE 




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SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE 



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-26- 



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Photo map 6 

Flood Hazard Photomap 

Rosebud Creek Tributaries 
Flood Hazard Analyses 

STILLWATER COUNTY, MONTANA 

AUGUST 1975 
JULY 1970 AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHY 

OOOOOC Designated Floodway 
^^■^— 100-Year Flood Line 

100-Year Flooded Area 



(J55^ Soils Area Boundary and Symbol 
(b) Valley Cross Section 



Scale in F«et 



1 6,000 



— 27— 



SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE 












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Photo map 6 

Flood Hazard Photomap 

Rosebud Creek Tributaries 
Flood Hazard Analyses 

STILLWATER COUNTY, MONTANA 

AUGUST 1975 
JULY 1970 AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHY 

OOOOOC Designated Floodway 
^— ^^ 100-Year Flood Line 

100-Year Flooded Area 



151^ Soils Area Boundary and Symbol 

(Sr— 



Valley Cross Section 
SOO 1000 



Scale in Feet 



1 6,000 



— 27— 



us DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE 



SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE 



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Photomap 6 

Flood Hazard Photomap 

Rosebud Creek Tributaries 
Flood Hazard Analyses 

STILLWATER COUNTY. MONTANA 

AUGUST 1975 
JULY 1970 AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHY 

''OKxX Designated Floodway 
100-Year Flood Line 
100-Year Flooded Area 
[M^bAj Soils Area Boundary and Symbol 



Valley Cross Section 



1000 

—I ■ 



1500 It 



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-27- 



SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE 



AUGUST 1975 
JULY 1970 AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHY 



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!S<566C0< Designated Floodway 
— — ^^ 100-Year Flood Line 

II " 100-Year Flooded Area 

fjyjbAS Soils Area Boundary and Symbol 
(5%—— Valley Cross Section 



1000 



1500 ft 




Photomap 7 

Flood Hazard Photomap 

Rosebud Creek Tributaries 
Flood Hazard Analyses 

STILLWATER COUNTY, MONTANA 

-28- 



us 



SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE 



AUGUST 1975 
JULY 1970 AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHY 



.yyjxS^-Cx Designated Floodway 
^-^— ^ 100-Year Flood Line 



«« 100-Year Flooded Area 






iMbA) Soils Area Boundary and Symbol 
(5^ ' Valley Cross Section 

500 1000 1500 ft 



500 



Scale in Feet 



1 6,000 




Flood Hazard Photoi 

Rosebud Creek Tributaries 
Flood Hazard Analyses 

STILLWATER COUNTY. MONTANA 



us DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE 




SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE 



AUGUST 1975 
JULY 1970 AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHY 

Designated Floodway 
100-Year Flood Line 
100-Year Flooded Area 

(mJa) Soils Area Boundary and Symbol 

(s) Valley Cross Section 



soo 

aJ— 



1000 



1500 ft 

=1 



Scale in Feet 



1 6.000 




MbA 



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Photomap 7 

Flood Hazard Photomap 

Rosebud Creek Tributaries 
Flood Hazard Analyses 

STILLWATER COUNT Y. MONTANA 

-28- 



SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE 




Photomap 8 

Flood Hazard Photomap 

Rosebud Creek Tributaries 
Flood Hazard Analyses 

STILLWATER COUNTY. MONTANA 



AUGUST 1975 
JULY 1970 AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHY 



><$?0<S?^ Designated Floodway 
^^— ^ 100-Year Flood Line 

100-Year Flooded Area 
(jVlbM Soils Area Boundary and Symbol 



(sj Valley Cross Section 



1500 ft 




6.000 



29- 



SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE 




Photomap 8 

Hazard Photoi 



Flood 

Rosebud Creek Tributaries 
Flood Hazard Analyses 

STILLWATER COUNTY, MONTANA 

AUGUST 1975 
JULY 1570 AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHY 

>d?<^^5?SX^ Designated Floodway 
^^— — 100-Year Flood Line 

100-Year Flooded Area 
QvibA) Soils Area Boundary and Symbol 
^5J' Valley Cross Section 



500 



1000 



1500 ft 



Scale In Fe«t 



1 6.000 



-29- 



us. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE 



SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE 




-29- 



SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE 



Photomap 9 

Flood Hazard Photom^ 

Rosebud Creek Tributaries 
Flood Hazard Analyses 

STILLWATER COUNTY, MONTANA 

AUGUST 1975 
JULY 1970 AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHY 





SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE 






r.^*']' 



Photomap 9 

Flood Hazard Photomap 

Rosebud Creek Tributaries 
Flood Hazard Analyses 

STILLWATER COUNTY. MONTANA 

AUGUST 1975 
JULY 1970 AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHY 



XxX>OC Designated Floodway 

— — — • 100-Year Flood Line 

100-Year Flooded Area 

IJVIb^ Soils Area Boundary and Symbol 

(s^ Valley Cross Section 

1500 ft 




us DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTUHE 



SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE 





SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE 




R17E 




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Photo map 10 

Flood Hazard Photoi 

Rosebud Creek Tributaries 
Flood Hazard Analyses 

STILLWATER COUNTY. MONTANA 

AUGUST 1975 
JULY 1970 AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHY 



lap 



'VxWv Designated Floodway 
100-Year Flood Line 
100-Year Flooded Area 

(jVlbA) Soils Area Boundary and Symbol 

rs) Valley Cross Section 

1500 ft 



500 

Scale in Feet 



1000 



1 6,000 



31 



,$ T6S 



R17E 




ym^' 



SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE 



-»,* 




Flood Hazard Photomap 

Rosebud Creek Tributaries 
Flood Hazard Analyses 

STILLWATER COUNTY. MONTANA 

AUGUST 1975 
JULY 1970 AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHY 



-VS<W<. Designated Floodway 
100-Year Flood Line 
100-Year Flooded Area 

(Mb a) Soils Area Boundary and Symbol 

(jj Valley Cross Section 

1500 ft 



500 

Scale in Feet 



1000 



1 6.000 



31 



us DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE 



T6S 



R17E 



SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE 



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Photoniap 10 

Flood Hazard Photomap 

Rosebud Creek Tributaries 
Flood Hazard Analyses 

STILLWATER COUNTY. MONTANA 

AUGUST 1975 
JULY t970 AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHY 



■VS^''iA-\ Designated Floodway 
^^^— 100-Vear Flood Line 

100- Year Flooded Area 
(iVIbA) Soils Area Boundary and Symbol 
Cs) Valley Cross Section 

500 1000 1500 ft 

IsjBgt^J-l I I I 



Scale in Feet 



SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE 



Photomap 11 

Flood Hazard Photo 

Rosebud Creek Tributaries 
Flood Hazard Analyses 

STILLWATER COUNTY. MONTANA 



map 




2, Designated Floodway 
100-Year Flood Line 
100-Year Flooded Area 
(MbA) Soils Area Boundary and Symbol 
(V) Valley Cross Section 

1000 1500 ft 



500 



Scale in Feet 



1 6.000 



32- 



SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE 



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Photomap 11 

Flood Hazard Photo 

Rosebud Creek Tributaries 
Flood Hazard Analyses 

STILLWATER COUNTY. MONTANA 



map 




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AUGUST 1975 
JULY 1970 AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHY 

1 1 1 1 1 Designated Floodway 
100-Year Flood Line 
-.*-5-ij».-s(- 100-Year Flooded Area 
(MbA) Soils Area Boundary and Symbol 
(V) Valley Cross Section 

1000 1500 ft 



Scale in Feet 



1 6.000 



32- 



us DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE 



SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE 




SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE 




SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE 

Pi 




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Photomap 12 

Flood Hazard Photomap 

Rosebud Creek Tributaries 
Flood Hazard Analyses 

STILLWATER COUNTY, MONTANA 



— 33- 



us DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE 





AUGUST 1975 
JULY 1970 AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHY 



ffly^VPv^ Designated Floodway 
^-^— 100-Year Flood Line 

100-Year Flooded Area 
(MbA) Soiis Area Boundary and Symbol 
(^%— — Valley Cross Section 



100C 

—I 



1600(1 



Scale id Feet 







I. ' p 



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Photomap 12 

Flood Hazard Photomap 

Rosebud Creek Tributaries 
Flood Hazard Analyses 

STILLWATER COUNTY, MONTANA 



-33- 



SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE 



Photomap 13 

Flood Hazard Photomap 

Rosebud Creek Tributaries 
Flood Hazard Analyses 

STILLWATER COUNTY, MONTANA 

AUGUST 1975 
JULY 1970 AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHY 



YiSOQS^ Designated Floodway 

~^~^ 100-Year Flood Line 

'*■'■■■''''* 100-Year Flooded Area 

(Mb a) Soils Area Boundary and Symbol 

(bV— — Valley Cross Section 



1000 



1500 ft 



6,000 




v< 






Photomap 

Hazard 



13 

Flood Hazard Photo 

Rosebud Creek Tributaries 
Flood Hazard Analyses 

STILLWATER COUNTY. MONTANA 

AUGUST 1975 
JULY 1970 AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHY 



y,5<?QS<y; Designated Floodway 

*"^~~~ 100-Year Flood Line 

**"■""■* 100-Year Flooded Area 

( jyibA j Soils Area Boundary and Symbol 

(s) Valley Cross Section 



Scale in Feet 




SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE 



map 



1500 ft 



1 6,000 



*^' 












34- 



us DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE 



SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE 




I 



-34- 



SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE 



Photomap 14 

Flood Hazard Photo 

Rosebud Creek Tributaries 
Flood Hazard Analyses 

STILLWATER COUNTY, MONTANA 

AUGUST 1975 
JUI Y 1970 AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHY 



map 



5<5^><5^ Designated Floodway 
' 100-Year Flood Line 

100-Year Flooded Area 
^MbA) Soils Area Boundary and Symbol 
Cb) Valley Cross Section 



1500 ft 




-35- 



w 



SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE 



+ 



Photomap 14 

Flood Hazard Photo 

Rosebud Creek Tributaries 
Flood Hazard Analyses 

STILLWATER COUNTY, MONTANA 

AUGUST 1975 
JULY 1970 AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHY 



map 



55^><5<; Designated Floodway 
-^■^— 100-Year Flood Line 

100-Year Flooded Area 
/MbA) Soils Area Boundary and Symbol 
Cb) Valley Cross Section 



1000 



1500 ft 



1 : 6,000 




-35- 



us DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE 










w'.^^ ^'•^I 







SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE 



+ 



Photomap 14 

Flood Hazard Photomap 

Rosebud Creek Tributaries 
Flood Hazard Analyses 

STILLWATER COUNTY. MONTANA 

AUGUST 1975 
JULY 1970 AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHY 



.'/6<'.\xV: Designated Floodway 
100-Year Flood Line 
100-Year Flooded Area 

{jvibA) Soils Area Boundary and Symbol 



1500 ft 




-35- 



SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE 




36- 



SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE 



Photomap 15 

Flood Hazard Photomap 

Rosebud Creek Tributaries 
Flood Hazard Analyses 

STILLWATER COUNTY, MONTANA 

AUGUST 1975 
JULY 1970 AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHY 




us DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE 



SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE 





SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE 



Photomap 16 

Flood Hazard Photomap 

Rosebud Creek Tributaries 
Flood Hazard Analyses 

STILLWATER COUNTY, MONTANA 

AUGUST 1975 
JULY 1970 AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHY 

S^^SP^P^ Designated Floodway 

^--^— 100-Year Flood Line 

100-Year Flooded Area 

Soils Area Boundary and Symbol 



(mSa) 

^5^ I Valley Cross Section 



1000 



1500 ft 




SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE 




Photomap 16 

Flood Hazard Photoi 

Rosebud Creek Tributaries 
Flood Hazard Analyses 



lap 



^^^ 



STILLWATER COUNTY. MONTANA 

AUGUST 1975 
JULY 1970 AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHY 

Designated Floodway 
100-Year Flood Line 
100-Year Flooded Area 
Soils Area Boundary and Symbol 



1500 ft 





■rfc'.. 



<-: . >l^^^ 



37- 



us DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE 



SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE 




SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE 



Photomap 17 

Flood Hazard Photoi 

Rosebud Creek Tributaries 
Flood Hazard Analyses 

STILLWATER COUNTY. MONTANA 

AUGUST 1975 
JULY 1970 AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHY 



Designated Floodway 
100-Year Flood Line 
100-Year Flooded Area 





SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE 



Photomap 17 

Flood Hazard Photomap 

Rosebud Creek Tributaries 
Flood Hazard Analyses 

STILLWATER COUNTY, MONTANA 

AUGUST 1975 
JULY 1970 AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHY 

^^^^ Designated Floodway 
"'■~^^~ 100-Year Flood Line 
^^^H 100-Year Flooded Area 
fjvib^ Soils Area Boundary and Symbol 
(^V— Valley Cross Section 



500 



1000 



1500 ft 



Scale in Feet 



1 6.000 



us DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE 



SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE 



Photomap 17 

Flood Hazard Photomap 

Rosebud Creek Tributaries 
Flood Hazard Analyses 

STILLWATER COUNTY. WONTANA 

AUGUST 1975 
JULY 1970 AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHY 

' Designated Floodway 
100-Year Flood Line 
100-Year Flooded Area 
iMbA) Soils Area Boundary and Symbol 
(5^ Valley Cross Section 



1000 

I 



1500 (t 



1 6.000 




■^■^^- .'., 



, FISHTAIL 



R18E 



T5S 



-38- 



SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE 








Photomap 18 

Flood Hazard Photomap 

Rosebud Creek Tributaries 
Flood Hazard Analyses 

STILLWATER COUNTY, MONTANA 

AUGUST 1975 
JULY 1970 AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHY 

'tf^Q:^^ Designated Floodway 

■^^^ 100-Year Flood Line 

=^'^-' 100-Year Flooded Area 

(MbA) Soils Area Boundary and Symbol 

Cb) • Valley Cross Section 



1500 ft 




—39- 



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T 



SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE 



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Photomap 18 

Flood Hazard Photo 

Rosebud Creek Tributaries 
Flood Hazard Analyses 

STILLWATER COUNTY, MONTANA 

AUGUST 1975 
JULY 1970 AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHY 



map 



-j-fCtH-l^ Designated Floodway 
"^^^ 100-Year Flood Line 

100-Year Flooded Area 
(MbA) Soils Area Boundary and Symbol 



r^) • Valley Cross Section 



1500 ft 




us DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE 



r. 







SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE 



Photomap 18 

Flood Hazard Photomap 

Rosebud Creek Tributaries 
Flood Hazard Analyses 

STILLWATER COUNTY. MONTANA 

AUGUST 1975 
JULY 1970 AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHY 



-^-fJJH-n Designated Floodway 
~^^~ 100-Year Flood Line 

100-Year Flooded Area 
QWbA) Soils Area Boundary and Symbol 
C5j^~^ Valley Cross Section 



1000 

^ 



1500 ft 



-i. 

* .♦ 




T4S 



R18E 



-39- 



SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE 




-40- 



SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE 



^Ife 



Photomap 19 

Flood Hazard Photomap 

Rosebud Creek Tributaries 
Flood Hazard Analyses 

STILLWATER COUNTY. MONTANA 

AUGUST 1975 
JULY 1970 AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHY 



>990C<>d Designated Floodway 
^— ^— 100-Year Flood Line 
jiHBIfc 100-Year Flooded Area 



(Mb^ Soils Area Boundary and Symbol 

^5^ Valley Cross Section 

500 1000 1500 ft 




us DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE 



SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE 




T4S R 18E 



-40- 



us c 



SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE 



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i 



+ 



Photomap 20 

Flood Hazard Photomap 

Rosebud Creek Tributaries 
Flood Hazard Analyses 

STILLWATER COUNTY, MONTANA 

AUGUST 1975 
JULY 1970 AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHY 



x;><XXXX> Designated Floodway 
""^^^ 100-Year Flood Line 

100-Year Flooded Area 

\Mb^ Soils Area Boundary and Symbol 

^5) Valley Cross Section 



500 



1000 



1500 ft 



Scale in Feet 



1 6,000 





SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE 



+ 



Photomap 20 

Flood Hazard Photomap 

Rosebud Creek Tributaries 
Flood Hazard Analyses 

STILLWATER COUNTY, MONTANA 

AUGUST 1975 
JULY 1970 AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHY 



><XXX><X> Designated Floodway 

"^^^" 100-Year Flood Line 

100-Year Flooded Area 

^mLa) Soils Area Boundary and Symbol 

^5^ Valley Cross Section 

1500 ft 




us DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE 



SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE 




SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE 



AUGUST 1975 
JULY 1970 AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHY 

Designated Floodway 
^-^-^ 100-Year Flood Line 

100-Year Flooded Area 
(^bA) Soils Area Boundary and Symbol 
(5} I Valley Cross Section 



1000 



1500 ft 



6,000 




Photomap 21 

Flood Hazard Photo 

Rosebud Creek Tributaries 
Flood Hazard Analyses 

STILLWATER COUNTY. MONTANA 



map 



42- 



SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE 




+ 



Photomap 21 

Flood Hazard Photoi 

Rosebud Creek Tributaries 
Flood Hazard Analyses 

STILLWATER COUNTY, MONTANA 
-42- 



lap 



us DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE 



V^ 



SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE 



AUGUST 1975 
JULY 1970 AERIAL PHOTOGBAPHY 



;■•.'•'• Designated Floodway 

100-Year Flood Line 

100-Year Flooded Area 
CiflbR) Soils Area Boundary and Symbol 
(V) Valley Cross Section 



1000 



ISOOft 




SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE 



Ik 



Photomap 22 

Flood Hazard Photomap 

Rosebud Creek Tributaries 
Flood Hazard Analyses 

STILLWATER COUNTY, MONTANA 

AUGUST 1975 
JUl Y 1970 AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHY 

)<X?>6<^>? Designated Floodway 
100-Year Flood Line 
100-Year Flooded Area 
^bAjSoils Area Boundary and Symbol 
^5^ Valley Cross Section 




SOIL CONSERVAIION SERVICE 




Photomap 22 

Flood Hazard Photorr 

Rosebud Creek Tributaries 
Flood Hazard Analyses 

STILLWATER COUNTY, MONTANA 

AUGUST 1975 
JULY 1970 AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHY 

Tp'.^yjS^ Designated Floodway 
I 100-Year Flood Line 

I ■111! 100-Year Flooded Area 

^bAj Soils Area Boundary and Symbol 
^S) " Valley Cross Section 



lap 



1000 

!!-l= 



1500 ft 



Scale in Feet 



1 6,000 





J S DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE 



\ 



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SOIL CONSERVaTiON SERVtCE 



■o 

3 



STILLWATER CO£NTY__ 
-CARBOTTCOUNTY 




Photomap 22 

Flood Hazard Photomap 

Rosebud Creek Tributaries 
Flood Hazard Analyses 

STILLWATER COUNTY. MONTANA 

AUGUST 1975 
JULY 1970 AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHY 

'Afo;v Designated Floodway 
^— ^ 100-Year Flood Line 

100-Year Flooded Area 
(^bAjSoils Area Boundary and Symbol 
(5j Valley Cross Section 



1000 



1500 f1 



Scale in Fwo; 



1 6 000 





SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE 



I 



Photomap 23 

Flood Hazard Photo 

Rosebud Creek Tributaries 
Flood Hazard Analyses 

SirtLWATER COUNTY, MONTANA 

AUGUST 1975 
JULY 1970 AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHY 



map 



Designated Floodway 
■ 100-Year Flood Line 

100-Year Flooded Area 
fMb/T) Soils Area Boundary and Symbol 
Cs) Valley Cross Section 

500 1000 1500 ft 



Scale in Feet 

--^ 



6.000 




SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE 



Photomap 23 

Flood Hazard Photomap 

Rosebud Creek Tributaries 
Flood Hazard Analyses 

STILLWATER COUNTY, MONTANA 

AUGUST 1975 
JULY 1970 AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHY 

'^$^5<^X^ Designated Floodway 
■ 100-Year Flood Line 

100-Year Flooded Area 
rMbA^ Soils Area Boundary and Symbol 



Valley Cross Section 



1000 



1500 ft 



1 : 6,000 




us DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE 



SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE 



Photomap 23 

Flood Hazard Photomap 

Rosebud Creek Tributaries 
Flood Hazard Analyses 

STILLWATER COUNTY, MONTANA 

AUGUST 1975 
JULY 1970 AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHY 

•■SX^XX!^ Designated Floodway 



100-Year Flood Line 
100-Year Flooded Area 
(MbA*) Soils Area Boundary and Symbol 



Valley Cross Section 



1000 



1500 ft 



6.000 




^lat^a^i 



SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE 



■■V 



^ 



"^ 



Photomap 24 

Flood Hazard Photomap 

Rosebud Creek Tributaries 
Flood Hazard Analyses 



STILLWATER COUNTY. MONTANA 




SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE 



'V 



"^ 



Photomap 24 

Flood Hazard Photoi 

Rosebud Creek Tributaries 
Flood Hazard Analyses 

STILLWATER COUNTY, MONTANA 



lap 



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-45- 



us DEPARTMENT OF AGRkJULTURE 



SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE 




-45- 



SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE 




Dashed lines represent 100-Yr. Flood 
Lines as published in "Stillwater River 
and Rosebud Creek Flood Hazard 
Analyses "- May 1974 



SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE 




Dashed lines represent 100-Yr. Flood 
Lines as published in "Stillwater River 
and Rosebud Creek Flood Hazard 
Analyses "- May 1974 



SOIL CONSERVATION SfRV F 




5* 



1 



Photomap 26 

Flood Hazard Photo 

Rosebud Creek Tributaries 
Flood Hazard Analyses 

SXrLLWATER COUNTY. MONTANA 

AUGUST 1975 
JULY 1970 AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHY 

<X><?<?»^ Designated Floodway 

— ^— 100-Year Flood Line 

HUP 100-Year Flooded Area 

{^dBj Soils Area Boundary and Symbol 

Cs) I Valley Cross Section 

1500 ft 



map 




6.000 



47- 



SOIL CONSERVATION SFRV' f 





it 



Flood Hazard Photoi 

Rosebud Creek Tributaries 
Flood Hazard Analyses 

STILLWATER COUNTY. MONTANA 

AUGUST 1975 
JULY 1970 AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHY 

Designated Floodway 
100-Year Flood Line 



9BHF 100-Year Flooded Area 

(^MBj Soils Area Boundary and Symbol 

(sj ' Valley Cross Section 



T500ft 



Scale in Feet 



1 6.000 



47- 



S DE P- ^ ■> 



CONSERvATiQrj 5FR J 





n±tri+t 



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tt4 



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Butcher Creek 

CHANNEL BOTTOM AND 
WATER SURFACE PROFILE 

Rosebud Craek Tributaries Flood Hazard Analyses 

STIllWATER COUNTY, MONTANA 



SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE 
US DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE 



DATE AUGUST 1975 



SHEET 1 OF 2 



PPTTfTTT 



PW^MiWro 




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Butcher Creek 

CHANNEL BOTTOM AND 
WATER SURFACE PROFILE 

Rosebud Creek Tributaries Flood Hazard Analyses 

STIILWATER COUNTV. MONTANA 



SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE 
US DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE 



DATE AUGUST 1975 



SHEET 1 OF 2 



Butcher Creek 

CHANNEL BOTTOM AND 
WATER SURFACE PROFILE 

Rosebud Creek Tributeries Flood Hazard Analyses 

STIILWATER COUNTY. MONTANA 




Fishtail Creek 



CHANNEL BOTTOM AND 
WATER SURFACE PROFILE 

Rosebud Creek Tributeries Flood Hezerd Analyses 

STIUWATER COUNTY, MONTANA 



TTOTT 



in 



W-- 



mm 



mm 



he: 



ittt 






^m 



Fishtail Creeic 

CHANNEL BOTTOM AND 
WATER SURFACE PROFILE 

Rosebud Creek Tributaries Flood Hazard Analyses 

STILLWATER COUNTY. MONTANA 



A SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE /\ 

^y* US DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE 'W 

AUGUST 1975 jHEET 2 OF 4 







Fishtail Creeic 

CHANNEL BOTTOM AND 
WATER SURFACE PROFILE 

Rosebud Creek Tributaries Flood Hazard Analyses 

STILLWATER COUNTY, MONTANA 




Fishtail Creek 

CHANNEL BOTTOM AND 
WATER SURFACE PROFILE 

Rosebud Creek Tributaries Flood Hazard Analyses 

STIllWATER COUNTY. MONTANA 




100-Year Flood Elevat 

Water Surface at T<me of Si 

Channel Bottom. 

iiontol Scett i" : iCO tvei Vorlicol Scol« l"- 20 fiti 




Fishtail Creole 

CHANNEL BOTTOM AND 
WATER SURFACE PROFILE 

Rosebud Creek Tributeries Flood Hezerd Analyses 

STILLWATER COUNTY. MONTANA 



;300«G 



SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE 
US DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE 'Ss' 



SHEET 3 OF 4 




Fishtail Creek 

CHANNEL BOTTOM AND 
WATER SURFACE PROFILE 

Rossbud Creak Tributaries Flood Hazard Analyses 

STIllWATER COUNTV, MONTANA 



lOO-Voar flood EIbvbii 

Water Surfaca St Time ol Survey, 

Channel Bottom 

Mo-iromoi Scoie i' ; iOO tett Vot.col Scolf i" - 2i 



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Fishtail Creek 

CHANNEL BOTTOM AND 
WATER SURFACE PROFILE 

Rosebud Creek Tributaries Flood Hazard Analyses 

STILLWATER COUNTY. MONTANA 



SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE 
US DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE 



BATE AUGUST 197 5 



SHEET 4 OF 4 



S9!C: 



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siEc: 



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53 



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East Rosebud Creek 

:±li-i;|±b:r:il channel bottom and 

WATER SURFACE PROFILE 

Rosebud Creek Tributaries Flood Hazard Analyses 

STILLWATER COUNTY. MONTANA 




I::::rli4.:t:::i-: 






East Rosebud Creek 

CHANNEL BOTTOM AND 
WATER SURFACE PROFILE 

Rosebud Creek Tributaries Flood Hazard Analyses 

STILLWATER COUNTY. MONTANA 



6 U 

PftTE AUGUST 197 5 



SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE 
S DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE 



SHEET 1 OF 2 










t^t:: 



East Rosebud Creek 

CHANNEL BOTTOM AND 
WATER SURFACE PROFILE 

Rosebud Creek Tributaries Flood Hazard Analyses 

STILLWATER COUNTV. MONTANA 



A SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE A 

'w' US DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE ^^ 

DATE AUGUST 197 5 



SHEET 1 OF 2 




r\ 



East Rosebud Creek 

CHANNEL BOTTOM AND 
WATER SURFACE PROFILE 

Rosebud Creek Tributaries Flood Hazard Analyses 

STIllWATER COUNTY. MONTANA 



SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE /\ 

US DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE 'ss' 




SHEET 2 OF 2 



:9EII!:: 



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East Rosebud Creek 

CHANNEL BOTTOM AND 
WATER SURFACE PROFILE 

Rosebud Creak Tributaries Flood Hazard Analyses 

STIllWATER COUNTV. MONTANA 




Zm'.'.'.XX. 



West Rosebud Creek 

CHANNEL BOTTOM AND 
WATER SURFACE PROFILE 

Rosebud Creek Tributaries Flood Hazard Analyses 

STIILWATER COUNTV. MONTANA 




*w 



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West Rosebud Creek 

CHANNEL BOTTOM AND 
WATER SURFACE PROFILE 

Rosebud Creek Tributaries Flood Hazard Analyses 

STILLWATER COUNTV, MONTANA 



A SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE 

^y* US DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE 
BATE AUGUST 1975 



SHEET 1 OF 




West Rosebud Creek 

CHANNEL BOTTOM AND 
WATER SURFACE PROFILE 

Rosebud Creek Tributsries Flood Hazard Analyses 

STILLWATER COUNTY. MONTANA 



SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE 
US DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE 
DATE AUGUST 1975 



SHEET 1 OF 5 








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West Rosebud Creek 

CHANNEL BOTTOM AND 
WATER SURFACE PROFILE 

Rosebud Creek Tributaries Flood Hazard Analyses 

STILLWATER COUNTV. MONTANA 



DATE AUGUST 1975 



SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE /\ 

^y* US DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE 'W 



SHEET 2 OF 5 




^Ft^. 



;l:.t:;;- rr:;: 



West Rosebud Creek 

CHANNEL BOTTOM AND 
WATER SURFACE PROFILE 

Rosebud Creek Tributaries Flood Hazard Analyses 

STILlWATEfl COUNTY. MONTANA 



A SOIL 

O us DE 

DATE AUGUST 1975 



CONSERVATION SERVICE /\ 

PARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE 'W 



SHEET 2 OF 5 




West Rosebud Creek 




100-Yea< Flood Elevai 

Water Surface at Time of Si 



West Rosebud Creek 

CHANNEL BOTTOM AND 
WATER SURFACE PROFILE 



Rosebud Creek Tributaries Flood Hazard Analyses 

STILLWATER COUNTY, MONTANA 



SHEET 3 OF 5 




West Rosebud Creek 

CHANNEL BOTTOM AND 
WATER SURFACE PROFILE 

Rosebud Crsek Tributaries Flood Hazard Analyses 

STILLWATER COUNTY, MONTANA 



SHEET 3 OF 



mff + 




W^' 



West Rosebud Creek 

CHANNEL BOTTOM AND 
WATER SURFACE PROFILE 

Rosebud Craek Tributaries Floor] Hazerri Analyses 

STILLWATER CDUNTV. MONTANA 



US DEPAflTMENT OF AGRICULTURE ^W' 

DATE AUGUST 1975 SHEET 3 OF 5 



OMM S0etlonm 
Bridgm 



West Rosebud Creek 

CHANNEL BOTTOM AND 
WATER SURFACE PROFILE 

Rosebud Creek Tributeries Flood Hazerd Analyses 

STILLWATER COUNTY. MONTANA 



of Bridge Deck 
om of Bridge Deck 



SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE 
US DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE 



^ 



nATF ftllfillST 1975 



SHEET 5 OF 5 




r:::: 



\metlon 

'OMB Smctlonm 
Bridgm 



of Bridge Deck 
om of Bridge Deck 



West Rosebud Creek 

CHANNEL BOTTOM AND 
WATER SURFACE PROFILE 

Rosebud Creek Tributeries Flood Hazord Analyses 

STILLWATER COUNTY. MONTANA 



SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE 
US DEPARTMENT Of AGRICULTURE 



nATP ftlinilST 1975 



SHEE T 5 OF S 

|.IJItl.J]|l 



&: 



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West Rosebud Creek 

CHANNEL BOTTOM AND 
WATER SURFACE PROFILE 

Rosabud Criek TiibutitiBS Flood Hazard Analysas 

STIUWATER COUNTY. MONTANA 




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-±^-^'-fei4fy±----±X""--!:±t'-i--XlT DATE AUGUST 1975 SHEET 1 OF 1 


























































































































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61 



Ingersoll Creek 

CHANNEL BOTTOM AND 
WATER SURFACE PROFILE 

Rosebud Creek Tributaries Flood Hazard Analyses 

STILLWATER COUNTV. MONTANA 




Ingersoll Creek 

CHANNEL BOTTOM AND 
WATER SURFACE PROFILE 

Rosebud Creek Tributaries Flood Hazard Analyses 

STIILWATER COUNTf. MONTANA 




APPENDIX A 



Supplementary Tables 

and 




APPENDIX A 



Supplementary Tables 

and 




TABLE 1 

FLOOD FREQUENCY DISCHARGE FOR SELECTED CROSS SECTIONS 

and 
AREA FLOODED BY 100-YR. AND 500-YR. FREQUENCY STORMS 



Cross 












Area Flooded 


in Acres 


Section 


Discharge 


in Cub 


ic Feet per 


Second (cfs) 


Between Cross 
100-Year 


Sections 


Number 


10-Year 


50-Year 100-Year 


500-Year 


500-Year 








WEST ROSEBUD 








301 


2785 


3850 


4350 




5610 


302.3 


322.0 


314 


2100 


2950 


3340 




4350 


165.9 


188.7 


325 


2000 


2850 


3225 




4200 


176.5 


195.4 


340 


1875 


2650 


3000 




3950 


116.5 


136.2 


350 


1510 


2175 


2475 




3280 


136.2 


159.1 


359 


1475 


2120 


2400 




3180 
Subtotal 








1/ 
897.4 - 


1001.4 y 








FIDDLER CREEK 








401 


630 


960 


1100 




1515 


36.2 


43.8 


412 


390 


620 


715 




1000 
Subtotal 








36.2 


43.8 








INGERSOLL 


CREEK 








501 


280 


460 


525 




750 


25.1 


25.6 


507 


270 


440 


510 




730 


31.8 


32.4 


514 


230 


380 


440 




630 


20.2 


20.6 


516 


210 


350 


400 




580 
Subtotal 








77.1 


78.6 








BUTCHER CREEK 








1 


800 


1210 


1385 




1875 


95.4 


106.5 


12 


770 


1170 


1335 




1810 


134.4 


152.2 


20 


750 

5.8 acres of 
7.2 acres of 


1125 

urban 
urban 


1285 

area, 
area. 




1750 
Subtotal 






1/ Includes 
11 Includes 


229.8 


258.7 



-63- 



TABLE 1- -Flood Frequency Discharge for Selected Cross Sections and 

Area Flooded by 100-Yr. and 500-Yr. Frequency Storms (Continued) 



Cross 












Area Flooded 


in Acres 


Section 


Discharge 


in Cubic 


; Feet per 


• Second (cfs) 


Between Cross 
100-Year 


Sections 


Number 


10-Year 


50-Year 


100-Year 


500-Year 


500-Year 








FISHTAIL 


CREEK 








101 


1130 


1630 


1875 




2520 


26.6 


33.2 


105 


1125 


1650 


1875 




2525 


130.7 


152.9 


120 


970 


1450 


1660 




2230 


139.3 


166.6 


131 


925 


1375 


1575 




2125 


58.9 


75.1 


140 


775 


1175 


1360 




1825 


66.7 


83.9 


150 


740 


1130 


1300 




1775 


58.1 


73.3 


156 


615 


950 


1100 




1500 


26.7 


37.3 


162 


575 


900 


1025 




1400 
Subtotal 








507.0 


622.3 








EAST ROSEBUD 








201 


2260 


3050 


3440 




4365 


380.3 


404.9 


214 


1965 


2810 


3170 




4150 


55.2 


61.9 


220 


1960 


2800 


3160 




4130 
Subtotal 








435.5 


466.8 



Total for Study Area 2183.0 



2471.6 



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-92- 



ROSEBUD CREEK TRIBUTARIES FLOOD HAZARD ANALYSES 
TEMPORARY BENCH MARK DESCRIPTIONS 



1/ 2/ 

TBM -' MSL - 

Number Elevation 

ER-1 1/ 4248.74 



ER-2 



4268.98 



ER-3 



4281.55 



ER-4 



4296.45 



ER-5 



4314.75 



ER-6 



4339.91 



ER-7 



ER-8 



4354.81 



4373.31 



Description 

Top of 8" rounded rock flush with ground, 6' northwest 
of a lone fence post, 21' east of a north-south fence, 
45' west of centerline of Highway 307, one-fourth mile 
north of Crow Agency Historical Marker. Sec. 24 T4S 
R18E 

Top of a rounded 8" rock flush with the ground 21' 
northwest of telephone pole, 36' west of centerline of 
Highway 307, 45' east of north-south fence, one-fourth 
mile south of Crow Agency Historical Marker. Center 
Sec. 24 T4S R18E 

Top of a 10" X 12" rounded rock sticking out of ground 
6", 10' east of north-south fence, 16' southeast of 
telephone pole number 920, 36' west of centerline of 
Highway 307. Sec. 24 T4S R18E 

On a 10"x4" piece of asphalt, flush with ground, 12' 
northwest of a fence coimer of north-south fence and 
a west fence; 100' northwest of E. Johnson house, 33' 
west of centerline of Highway 307, 10' south of old 
foundation. Sec. 24 T4S R18E 

On rock 24' southeast of power pole, 3' from a north- 
south fence, 52' west of centerline of Highway 307, 
42' north of fence corner of north-south and east-west 
fences by white gate. Sec. 25 T4S R18E 

On 8" diameter rock painted red, 15' north of 15" 
diameter corner post, 9' south of lane going west to 
east from Rosebud Creek, 27' west of centerline of 
Highway 307. Center of Sec. 25 T4S R18E 

A blue dot on southwest comer of monument for J. E. 
Madson, 40' east of centerline of Highway 307. Center 
of Sec. 25 T4S R18E 

On bolt head on 8"x8" bridge timber on west edge of 
bridge 2' south of northwest corner. Bridge is on 
Highway 307 over Chimney Creek. South center of Sec. 
25 T4S R18E 



See footnotes on page 106, 



-93- 



TEMPORARY BENCH MARK DESCRIPTIONS (Continued) 



IBM -' 



MSL -'' 



Number Elevation 



3/ 
ER-9 - 



ER-10 



ER-11 



ER-12 



ER-13 



ER-14 



ER-15 



ER-16 



4405.03 



4460.29 

4486.91 

4489.29 
4491.74 

4544.14 
4567.76 

4596.35 



Description 

On state highway bench mark FAS 3465 on west side of 
Highway 307, 300' north of intersection of Highway 307 
and county road that goes up Butcher Creek. Sec. 36 
T4S R18E 

On 5/8" rebar set by power pole on north side of High- 
way 307, 40' east of gate to hay field 300' west of 
gate to 0. Herems farmstead. Center Sec. 36 T4S R18E 

On inlet end of 24" RCP under Highway 307, on east edge 
of a field approach about 100' east of Chimney Creek 
crossing. Southwest comer Sec. 36 T4S R18E 

On top of northeast wing of Highway 307 bridge over 
East Rosebud Creek on south boundary Sec. 35 T4S R18E. 

On large boulder on west side of Highway 307, 3' east 
of highway curve sign, first sign south of Rosebud 
Creek bridge on north boundary of Sec. 2 T5S R18E. 

On west end of a 24" RCP under Highway 307, 15' north- 
west of Ron Ferster's mailbox. Sec. 2 T5S R18E 

On white rock by base of west post of Stillwater County 
sign located on east side of Highway 307 on south 
boundary Sec. 2 T;5S R18E. 

On large rock, on east side of county road 200' south 
of conjunction with Highway 307, first county road 
leaving Highway 307 after entering Carbon County from 
the north in north h Sec. 11 T5S R18E. 



ER-18 



70 



4/ 
WR-1 - 



4605.46 On top of northwest concrete wing of bridge over East 
Rosebud Creek on above described county road, first 
creek crossing after leaving Highway 307 on county road 
in south h Sec. 11 T5S R18E. 

4209.47 Top of a IV railing on southwest corner of bridge over 
main East Rosebud Creek next to LDS church on Highway 
419 to Fishtail. S^s SVh Sec. 13 T4S R18E 

4216.80 On 6" rounded rock flush with ground 10' west of fence 
comer of a north-south and east-west fence, 28' north 
of centerline of Highway 419, 0.25 mile southwest of 
TBM 70 in msh Sec. 24 T4S R18E. 



See footnotes on page 106. 



-94- 



TEMPORARY BENCH MARK DESCRIPTIONS (Continued) 



IBM -'' 



2/ 

MSL -' 



Number Elevation 



WR-2 



-5 1/ 



WR-3 



4236.01 



4251.36 



Description 

On rock 27' north of centerline of Highway 419, 0.5 
mile southwest of IBM 70, 12' south of an east-west 
fence 15' west of a lone fence post in borrow pit 
in Eh Sec. 23 T4S RISE. 

On a 10"-diameter rock protruding 6" aboveground, 0.8 
mile southwest of IBM 70, 33' north of centerline of 
Highway 419, 36' west from west side of fence gate. 
Center Sec. 23 T4S RISE. 



WR-4 4282.63 On a 15"x6" oblong rock protruding from ground 5", 

1.3 miles southwest of TBM WR-2, 24' northwest of Arvid 
A. Larson's mailbox, 31' north of centerline of 
Highway 419. WI5 Sec. 23 T4S RISE 

WR-5 4326.63 On a 15"xl6" oblong rock protruding 6" aboveground, 1.8 

miles southwest from TBM 70, 25' north of centerline of 
Highway 419, 33' east of center of Barney Allen driveway. 
SE corner Sec. 22 T4S RISE 

WR-6 4369.76 On top and 2.35' south of end of 6.6'x5.8' culvert under 

Highway 419, 2.3 miles southwest of TBM 70, 27' north of 
centerline of Highway 419. Wh Sec. 27 T4S RISE 

WR-7 4399.91 On 6'xl5" oblong rock 4" aboveground, 27' northwest of 

centerline of Highway 419, 2.8 miles southwest of TBM 
70, 4' southeast of east-west fence, 57' northwest of 
the south telephone pole where telephone line crosses 
highway. NWl^ Sec. 27 T4S RISE 

WR-8 4438.14 On a 10"-diameter rock protruding 6" aboveground, 30' 

west of centerline of Highway 419, 3.3 miles southwest 
of TBM 70, 1' east of a north-south fence, 33' northwest 
of school zone sign. Eh Sec. 28 T4S R18E 

WR-9 4447.15 On northwest corner of east side of concrete header of 

main bridge over West Rosebud Creek, at the west edge of 
town of Fishtail, Montana. SE^s Sec. 28 T4S RISE 

WR-IO 4472.02 On a 20"x20"xl0" sandstone rock, 9' east of a swamp hole, 

22' northwest of centerline of Highway 419, 0.5 mile 
southwest of Fishtail. S^s Sec. 28 T4S RISE 

WR-11 4522.31 On top of 18" concrete culvert, 40' east of centerline 

of highway, 18' from north-south fence, 22' north of 
driveway to Dr. Weber's house. Center Sec. 33 T4S R18E 



See footnotes on page 106. 



-95- 



TEMPORARY BENCH MARK DESCRIPTIONS (Continued) 



1/ 
TBM- 

Number 

4/ 
WR-12 - 



2/ 

MSL - 

Elevation 
4561.05 



WR-13 



4612.56 



WR-14 



4646.90 



Description 

On an 8"xl2" rock painted orange flush with ground, 
38' west of north-south fence, 27' east of centerline 
of highway, 200' north of driveway to Art Arnold's 
Rosebud Angus Ranch. T^h Sec. 4 T5S RISE 

On top of east end of 24" culvert under highway, 33' 
north of driveway to corrals at river, 25' east of 
centerline of highway, 200' south of Ted Wahl's house. 
SWJs Sec. 4 T5S RISE 

On an 8"xl2" rock painted orange flush with ground, 15' 
west of corner fence post, 32' north of a loading 
chute, 40' east of centerline of highway. SW^s Sec. 4 
T5S R18E 



WR-15 4676.59 On a 10"-diameter rock painted orange protruding 8" 

aboveground, 50' east of centerline of highway, 4' west 
of north-south fence, 3' north of 18" culvert under road. 
NWJj Sec. 9 T5S R18E 

WR-16 4730.99 On an 8"xl2" pyramid-shaped rock, painted orange, pro- 
truding iJj' aboveground, 50' east of centerline of 
highway, 2' north of culvert, 18' west of north-south 
fence, 0.2 mile south of driveway to Pelton's farmstead. 
SEJj Sec. 8 T5S R18E 

WR-17 4759.69 On top of east end of 18" concrete culvert, 36' east of 

centerline of highway, 30' west of corral fence, 15' 
north of center of deadend driveway, 100' south of 
center of driveway to corrals with loading chute, 
liEh Sec. 17 T5S R18E 

WR-18 4792.68 On top of east end of 18" concrete culvert, 42' east 

of centerline of highway, 12' west of a north-south 
fence, 21' north of center of a driveway, 1/8 mile 
north of turnoff to Ingersoll Creek road. S^s of NWJj 
Sec. 17 T4S R18E 

WR-19 4816.39 A chiseled cross in top of northwest concrete wing of 

bridge over West Rosebud Creek on county road going up 
Ingersoll Creek, northwest comer of SW^ Sec. 17 T5S R18E. 

WR-20 4888.86 On top of 4th rib from south end of a 4l5'x3' metal cul- 
vert, 42' south of centerline of highway, 20' north of 
east-west fence, northwest comer of SE^s Sec. 18 T5S R18E, 



See footnotes on page 106. 



-96- 



TEMPORARY BENCH MARK DESCRIPTIONS (Continued) 



1/ 2/ 

TBM - MSL -' 

Number Elevation 

4/ 
WR-20.1~ 4887.51 



WR-21 4941.25 



WR-22 4935.87 



WR-23 4958.20 



WR-24 5001.64 



Description 

On large white rock on north side of power pole 300' 
west of north-south driveway into old Albert Johnson 
ranch buildings. Center of 3*5 Sec. 18 T5S R18E 

On a 3'x2' rock, protruding aboveground about 3', 30' 
north of east-west fence, 70' south of centerline of 
highway. SWJj Sec. 18 T5S R18E 

On south end of 24" concrete culvert 9' north of 
comer, 48' south of centerline of road, 27' southwest 
of old railroad tie post, 25' east of driveway to 
Ray Frazer's homestead on west boundary Sec. 18 T5S R18E. 

On west end of a 3'xl' rock protruding about 8" above- 
ground, 15' west of corner post of north-south and east- 
west fence, 13' northwest of telephone pole, 18' east of 
centerline of county road, 45' south of centerline of 
highway. SE^ Sec. 13 T5S R17E 

On top of south, end of 24" concrete culvert, 15' north 
from east-west fence, 39' south of centerline of highway, 
1/8 mile east of Jake Heyneman's house. Sh Sec. 13 
T5S R17E 



WR-25 5035.61 



On northeast comer of a 4'x3' rock protruding 8" 
abovegroxond, 15' north of east-west fence, 50' south 
of centerline of highway, 12' southwest of log stand 
5* high 5' wide 1/8 mile west of Jake Heyneman's house. 
S^s SVh Sec. 13 T5S R17E 



WR-25. 1 4997.42 



On large rock on east side of drive to small red log 
cabin in creek bottom about one-fourth mile east of end 
of pavement on West Rosebud road. S^s SW^s Sec. 13 
T5S R17E 



WR-26 5091.32 



On south end of l^s'xl' rock protruding aboveground 
about 1', 27' north of centerline of highway, 5' south 
of east-west fence, 1/8 mile west of TBM 25. SWJj Sec. 13 
T5S R17E 



WR-27 5094.48 



WR-28 5047.48 



On the north end of a 24" concrete culvert, 36' north 
of centerline of highway, 54' south of east-west fence, 
200' east of road leading to Mystic and Emerald Lakes. 
Hh NEiz; Sec. 23 T5S R17E 

On southwest comer of h" thick 10" wide steel plate on 
northwest comer of bridge 2' west of west bridge rail, 
on bridge over West Rosebud Creek, on road to Emerald 
and Mystic Lakes. NEJj Sec. 23 T5S R17E 



See footnotes on page 106. 



-97- 



TEMPORARY BENCH MARK DESCRIPTIONS (Continued) 



TBM - 



2/ 



MSL 
Number Elevation 

4/ 
WR-29 - 5068.44 



WR-30 



5174.30 



WR-31 



5231.79 



WR-32 



5349.35 



WR-33 



5409.46 



WR-34 



5480.04 



WR-35 



5496.14 



WR-36 



WR-37 



5518.66 



5516.14 



Description 

On 1' diameter rock protruding about 8" aboveground, 
25' south of driveway leading west into pasture, 15' 
west of center of road going south to Mystic and Emerald 
Lakes (or West Rosebud Creek road) , one-eighth mile 
south of TBM WR-28. Center of E^s Sec. 23 T5S R17E 

On a I'xlJj' pyramid-shaped rock painted orange protruding 
about 1%' aboveground, 15' east of north-south fence, 
12' west of centerline of West Rosebud Creek road, 25' 
northwest of second cattle guard on Rosebud Creek road. 
Center Sec. 26 T5S R17E 

On a 3'xli5' rock painted orange protruding about 1' 
aboveground, 15' west of centerline of road, 12' south 
of dead broken cottonwood tree about 1' in diameter, 
100' south of driveway to old shed, about one-fourth 
mile north of third cattle guard on the Rosebud Creek 
road. Center Sec. 26 T5S R17E 

On l'x6" pyramid-shaped rock protruding about 5" above- 
ground, 50' west of center of Rosebud Creek road, 40' 
east of creek bank, 20' northwest of 2' diameter pine, 
33' west of 3' diameter boulder with double cross 
painted on top. Center Sec. 35 T5S R17E 

On a 3'x3' rock, protruding about 4" aboveground, 12' 
northeast of fence comer of northwest-southeast fence, 
20' west of center of Rosebud Creek road, 30' northwest 
of fourth cattle guard when going south on this road. 
Center SW^s Sec. 35 T5S R17E 

On a brass cap in large rock stamped USGS-GWM 49-1939, 
located 200' northwest of bridge over West Rosebud 
Creek and 50' north of the north R.O.W. fence of the 
road, in SE comer Wh Sec. 2 T6S R17E 

On north side of 3'x4' rock protruding 1' aboveground, 
100' east of Rosebud Creek road, 40' west of west bank 
of West Rosebud Creek, 0.3 mile south of TBM WR-34. 
NE comer SW^s Sec. 2 T6S R17E 

On a 2'x3'x6" rock 0.5 mile south of TBM-34, 100' east 
of Rosebud Creek road, 30' west of the west bank of 
West Rosebud Creek. Center of SW^s Sec. 2 T6S R17E 

On a h" bolt on east-west fence, 8" northwest of west 
gate post, 1200' east of the Rosebud Creek road, 4400' 
south of TBM WR-34, N% NWJs Sec. 11 T6S R17E 



See footnotes on page 106. 



-98- 



TEMPORARY BENCH MARK DESCRIPTIONS (Continued) 



TBM -^ 



MSL -' 



Number Elevation 



WR-38 



4/ 



5545.63 



Description 

On a iJs'xl'xS" rock painted orange, 15' west of dead 
tree 10" in diameter with two woodpecker holes in it 
marked TBM WR-38, 75' east of cowpath, 285' west of 
creek, 1000' east of West Rosebud Creek road, about 
center of SW^s Sec. 11 T6S R17E. 



WR-39 5570.48 On a 3'x2' pyramid-shaped rock protruding about 6" 

aboveground, painted orange, 200' south of old fallen 
cabin, 18' southwest of broken-off tree, marked TBM-39, 
about 200' below where channel comes out of narrow 
canyon, SW corner NW^s NW^z; Sec. 14 T6S R17E. 

WR-40 5706.87 On a 3'x5' rock painted orange protruding about 2' 

aboveground, about 50' west of creek bank, about 100' 
north of backwater pond, about 40' above water; also 
about 100' above where creek enters narrow canyon. 
NW comer SE^s ^Yh Sec. 15 T6S R17E 

WR-41 5706.16 On a 4'x3'xl' rock about 100' northwest of old cabin 

site, 150' west of old farm tractor, one-fourth mile 
east of West Rosebud Creek road, west of rock slide, 
100' east of 8" post in clearing. Vh m>i, Sec. 22 
T6S R17E 



WR-42 5841.18 



WR-43 5834.06 



FI-1-^ 5067.75 



On a 4'x4'x3' rounded pyramid-shaped rock painted 
orange, 100' west of creek, 1700' north of old buildings 
(Reeves Ranch) , at base of first hill north of build- 
ings, 1500' east of West Rosebud Creek road, 500' north 
of forest boundary. SE comer SW^s Sec. 22 T6S R17E 

On a 3'x4'xlJ5' pyramid-shaped rock painted orange, 
66' north of road crossing bridge to Reeves Ranch 
buildings, 25' west of a 1' diameter pine, 40' south 
of east-west fence. N% Wih Sec. 27 T6S ia.7E 

On rock 2'x3'xl' on northwest comer of first bridge 
over Fiddler Creek above its confluence with West 
Rosebud Creek, in barnyard of Willis Leithead's place. 
Center Sec. 23 T5S R17E 



FI-2 5152.77 On sixth ridge from south end of 24" culvert under road 

to Fishtail Creek from West Rosebud road, 44' west of 
north-south fence, 24' south of centerline of road. 
SWJz; SWh Sec. 23 T5S R17E 

FI-2.1 5163.06 On top of and 6*2' from south end of 12" culvert under 

road from West Rosebud Creek to Fishtail Creek, \ mile 
west of Willis Leithead's driveway turnoff. West 
boundary Sec. 23 T5S R17E 



See footnotes on page 106. 



-99- 



TEMPORARY BENCH MARK DESCRIPTIONS (Continued) 



1/ 2/ 

TBM - MSL - 

Number Elevation 

3/ 



FI-3 



FI-4 



5190.72 



5171.81 



FI-3. 2 5134.66 



I-l ^ 4819.10 



1-2 



4861.98 



1-3 



4874.80 



1-4 



4915.37 



1-5 



4925.32 



Description 

On a bolt head, painted orange, 3' north of east-west 
fence, 25' south of center of road, 200' east of road 
intersection in the SE corner Sec. 22 T5S R17E. 

On west end of 1' culvert running east and west under 
George Broadwater's driveway, 90' south of centerline 
of county road in center of NE^; Sec. 27 T5S R17E. 

On top of 8"x8" end post for the northwest wing for 
the first county bridge over Fiddler Creek above its 
confluence with West Rosebud Creek; bridge is on a 
county road running north and south along the west 
bounday of Sec. 26 T5S R17E. 

On west end and top of first rib of 4' metal culvert 
where Ingersoll Creek crosses the county road that 
goes from the West Rosebud highway to Roscoe, on west 
boundary Sec. 17 T5S R18E. 

Orange dot on a 3'x2'x2' rock, 14' north of corner 
post, 30' east of centerline of the county road, one- 
half mile south of the West Rosebud Creek bridge, on 
road that runs from West Rosebud Creek road to Roscoe 
in SEJj SElz; Sec. 18 T5S R18E. 

Orange dot on top of first rib on east end of 12" metal 
culvert, 8' west of comer post with double gates, 300' 
west of old farmstead foundation, on east side of county 
road that runs from West Rosebud Creek road to Roscoe, 
on north boundary Sec. 19, T5S, R18E. 

Orange dot on top of l^s'xl'xlO" pyramid-shaped rock 
4' west of north-south fence, one-eighth mile north of 
wooden bridge over Ingersoll Creek, on east side of 
county road from West Rosebud road to Roscoe, on west 
side of NEJs Sec. 19 T5S R18E. 

Orange dot on top of north comer of the northwest 
6'x6' post on wooden bridge over Ingersoll Creek on 
the West Rosebud Creek to Roscoe road; this is the first 
bridge on this road after crossing the West Rosebud 
Creek. Center of Sec. 19 T5S R18E 



1-6 4948.29 On a %" bolt set in ground painted orange, 20' west of 

8" wood post with a "No Trespassing" sign, 25' east of 
centerline of the West Rosebud to Roscoe road, one- 
eighth mile south of wooden bridge. Center S^s Sec. 19 
T5S R18E 



See footnotes on page 106. 



-100- 



TEMPORARY BENCH MARK DESCRIPTIONS (Continued) 



TBM y 

Number 



1-8 



1-9 



I-IO 



I-ll 



1-12 



F-l^/ 



F-2 



F-3 



F-4 



MSL y 

Elevation 
4964.25 



4969.17 



4997.85 



5045.01 



5055.99 



5104.99 



4437.75 



4421.19 



4409.37 



4396.85 



Description 

On a 10"x8"x5" rock, painted orange, protruding from 
ground, 6" southeast of brace pole for gate leading 
into hay field, one-fourth mile north of a red house 
on curve in road from West Rosebud to Roscoe. Center 
of north boundary Sec. 30 T5S R18E 

On northwest corner of patio of Dave Barngert, Sr.'s 
red house, next to a 4" corner post of 3'ard fence, 4' 
north of garage in center of NE^s NWJfi Sec. 30 T5S R18E. 

On a V bolt set in ground, one-eighth mile southeast 
of junk pile, one-fourth mile south of Barngert, Sr.'s 
house, 15' east of Ingersoll Creek, 200' east of post 
piles. Center of S\H NW^s Sec. 30 T5S R18E 

Orange dot on 3'x3'xl' rock, 75' south of a lone pine 
tree on west side of road leading to Top Hat Ranch 
pond and 15' from centerline. Yh SE^s Sec. 25 T5S R17E 

On a y bolt set in ground 50' north of creek bank at 
creek crossing for vehicles three-eighths mile north of 
dam, one-fourth mile east of old foundation and metal 
tank, 800' west of the NE corner of Sec. 36 T5S R17E. 

y bolt in ground 3" from post, first 6" round post 
west of gate going into pond, on fence by pond on the 
Top Hat Ranch, 2700' south of the NE corner Sec. 36 
T5S R17E. This section line is also the boundary 
between Stillwater County and Carbon County. 

On northeast comer of iV'xlV angle iron top rail of 
bridge, first county bridge over Fishtail Creek above 
its confluence with the West Rosebud Creek, 110' west 
of Emil Rech's buildings, h. mile west and h, mile north 
of town of Fishtail. Center \H Sec. 28 T4S R18E 

On top of y rod in ground, 15' south of creek bank, 
12' north of cottonwood, 75' west of north-south fence, 
600' east of R.M. Ostrum's employees' house. Center 
SEH; mh Sec. 28 T4S R18E 

Orange dot on southeast comer of R. M. Ostrum's bridge 
over Fishtail Creek, in field 2400' north of his house. 
Center east boundary NW^s Sec. 28 T4S R18E 

Orange dot on a 12" diameter rock, 15' south of east- 
west fence, 30' west of north-south fence, 100' west 
of West Rosebud Creek, 300' east of Fishtail Creek. 
Center N% NE^s Sec. 28 T4S R18E 



See footnotes on page 106. 



-101- 



TEMPORARY BENCH MARK DESCRIPTIONS (Continued) 



IBM -/ 
Number 



F-5 



7/ 



MSL -/ 
Elevation 

4445.58 



F-6 



4454.58 



F-7 



4470.83 



F-8 



4485.37 



F-9 



4506.09 



F-10 



F-11 



4531.46 



4543.06 



F-4.1 



4385.73 



F-12 



4572.80 



Description 

An orange dot painted on 5'x4'x2" rock at the northeast 
corner of rock riprap in L. Yates sheep pasture, 7' east 
of Fishtail Creek, 100' southwest and across creek from 
corrals, 400' northwest of L. Yates house, on west 
boundary Sec. 28 T4S R18E. 

On 3'x2.5'x6" rock with orange dot, sitting on angle, 
1' east of creek bank, 5' south of northeast corner of 
riprap, 3' north of rock with IBM F-6 painted on it, 
70' east of lone dead cottonwood, 50' south of east- 
west fence. NW corner of SE?^ SE^s Sec. 29 T4S R18E 

An orange dot on 6" diameter rock protruding 4" above- 
ground, 12' east of old fallen cottonwood marked 
IBM F-7, 30' west of north-south fence, 8' south of 
Fishtail Creek bank, 40' northeast from group of four 
cottonwoods, 1700' west of NE comer Sec. 32 T4S R18E. 

Orange dot painted on 3' diameter stump 3' high, 300' 
east of north-south fence with "No Trespassing" sign, 
16' south of Fishtail Creek bank. Center of north 
boundary Sec. 32 T4S R16E 

Orange dot 5' northeast of southwest corner of concrete 
bridge abutment, 100' east of Donald Esp's house, 25' 
west of north-SQUth fence, northeast comer of NW^s 
mJh Sec. 32 T4S R16E. 

Orange dot 6" from northeast comer of bridge at Art 
Yates place on west boundary Sec. 32 T4S R18E. 

Orange dot on 4'x3'x2' rock on northwest corner of third 
rock from east end of the riprap on northeast side of 
bridge in lane to P. Yates house, about center of north 
bo\indary of SEJs Sec. 31 T4S R18E. 

On a 12"xl5" oblong rock painted orange protruding about 
8" aboveground, 130' southwest of confluence of Fishtail 
Creek and West Rosebud Creek, 50' south of Fishtail Creek 
and 50' west of West Rosebud Creek, about the center of 
west boundary of NE^z; NE^s Sec. 28 T4S R18E. 

Orange mark on northeast comer of bridge abutment, first 
bridge across Fishtail Creek on Highway 419 going south- 
west from Fishtail, Montana, on north boundary of SW^s 
SEJ2; Sec. 31 T4S R18E. 



See footnotes on page 106. 



-102- 



TEMPORARY BENCH MARK DESCRIPTIONS fContinuedl 



TBM -^ MSL -^ 

Number Elevation 

F-13 - 4638.54 



F-14 



F-15 



4639.25 



4694.92 



Description 

Orange mark on 3'xl'x8" rock, 27' south of centerline 
of Highway 419, 18' north of east-west fence, 1000' 
east of sign for Fishtail Creek Ranch, 300' west of 
curve sign, center of SYh SW^s Sec. 31 T4S R18E. 

Orange dot on northeast corner of the south end of 
concrete bridge abutment at Leo C. Lesnick's ranch 
on east boundary of NW^s Mh. Sec. 1 T5S R17E. 

On top of bolt set in ground, 12' northeast of Fishtail 
Creek bank, 3' southwest of power pole, 50' southwest 
of Jim Keller's house, in NE comer of SMh NWH; Sec. 1 
T5S R17E. 



F-16 4739.23 Orange mark painted on edge of pavement and 10' south 

of centerline of Highway 419, 25' north of east-west 
fence, 1000' west of Jim Keller's driveway entrance. 
NW corner SW^s NV^ Sec. 1 T5S R17E 

F-17 4715.18 Orange mark on triangle-shaped rock, 1' north of Charles 

Eckels bridge, 5' west of center of driveway, 20' 
northwest of power pole with meter. Center of south 
boundary of NEJs Sec. 2 T5S R18E 

F-18 4824.72 On spot painted orange on south edge of pavement, 12' 

south of centerline of Highway 419, 21' north of east- 
west fence, one-half mile west of Charles Eckels mail 
box, about center of south boundary NWH; Sec. 2 T5S R17E. 

F-19 4688.77 On rock 8"xl0"x8" printed orange, 21' south of centerline 

of Highway 419, 22' north of east-west fence, 1000' 
west of Leo C. Lesnick mailbox. SW comer NWJ5 NE^; 
Sec. 1 T5S R17E 

F-20 4771.09 On 1" bolt head painted orange, 2 '6" north of southwest 

end of 4"x6" plank on bridge in drive to Bates ranch- 
house, in SW comer NW^ SWJj Sec. 2 T5S R17E. 

F-21 4885.61 Orange mark on 10"x8" rock, protruding aboveground 4", 

21' south of centerline of Highway, 21' north of east- 
west fence, 3000' east of Mrs. Haas's house in the NE 
comer of SWij SW^s Sec. 3 T5S R17E. 

F-22 4876.12 Orange mark on 2'x2'x8" concrete block 7' from center 

of road, southeast corner of bridge riprap, on south 
side of creek, bh^ west of Cottonwood, in S^s SE^s SYh 
Sec. 4 T5S R17E. 



Fee footnotes on page 106. 



■103- 



TEMPORARY BENCH MARK DESCRIPTIONS (Continued) 



TBM-' 



II 

MSL -' 



Number Elevation 



F-23 



II 



4911.90 



F-24 



4982.01 



Description 

Orange mark on northwest l'x8" wingwall post, 5^' 
northwest of northwest corner of bridge, 10' west of 
center of driveway to Richard Ostrum ranch buildings. 
Center of south boundary Sec. 4 T5S R17E 

On southwest end of I'xl' bridge timber, 3' west of 
south side of bridge ramp, 3' east of 3" diameter tree 
at W. White's place, on north boundary of Sec. 9, one- 
fourth mile east of northwest corner Sec. 9 T5S R17E. 



F-25 4982.18 On a 2'x4'x3' rock, 13' north of east-west fence, 18' 

south of centerline of Highway 419, one-fourth mile 
east of William White house. Center of NE?s NE% Sec. 8 
T5S R17E 

F-26 4813.76 22' north of southwest end of bridge over Fishtail 

Creek for Bates private home, 6' west of centerline 
of bridge, 30' south of northwest comer of bridge in 
center Sh SEJj; S\h, Sec. 3 T5S R17E. 

F-27 5019.66 On a 2'x4' rock painted orange protruding about 4" above- 
ground, 18' south of centerline of Highway 419, one- 
fourth mile west of William White's mailbox in SE 
comer mh. 'SSh Sec. 8 T5S R17E. 

F-28 5055.63 On a 2'xl' rock painted orange protruding 1' above- 
ground, 5' southeast of southeast comer of bridge over 
Fishtail Creek, 13' southwest of old burned tree stump; 
this bridge is at A. R. Watters's place. Center of 
west boundary of Nl^ SWSfi Sec. 8 T5S R18E 

F-29 5077.30 Orange mark on 2l5'x3i5'xl'5' pyramid-shaped rock, 31' 

west of center of driveway going to Ray Seitz house, 
90' southwest of gate post at entrance to driveway, 
center of S% NW^t SW^s Sec. 8 T5S R17E. 

F-30 5092.95 On top of and 3.7' west of east end of a 7'x9' culvert 

under Highway 419 for Meadow Creek, 15' east of center- 
line of highway, in NW comer of SWs SW^s Sec. 8 T5S R17E. 

F-31 5116.41 On a lJ5'x3'x2' rock protruding about V aboveground, 3' 

northeast of dead tree, 15' east of power pole, 3' south 
of dead tree trunk, 8* northwest of tree stump used as 
fence post at Rossetter's homestead. NW comer Sec. 17 
T5S R17E 



See footnotes on page 106. 



-104- 



TEMPORARY BENCH MARK DESCRIPTIONS (Continued) 



TBM - MSL - 

Number Elevation 

F-32 y 5139.46 



F-33 



5048.21 



F-34 



5225.02 



F-35 



5291.95 



Description 

On a 3'x2' rock painted orange protruding about 1' 
aboveground, 2*5* east of north-south fence, 24' north 
of the north gate post, on east side of bridge, 24' 
northwest of centerline of driveway to Rossetter's 
new home, about 700' south of northwest corner of 
Sec. 17 T5S R17E. 

Orange mark on 3'x4'x2.5' rock, 33' south of centerline 
of Highway 419, 9' north of east-west fence, three- 
eighths mile west of White's mailbox, center of SE^i; 
NWs Sec. 8 T5S R17E. 

Orange mark on a pyramid-shaped rock 3'x2', protruding 
iSj' aboveground, 15' east of cottonwood tree marked 
TBM F-34, 18' south of cottonwood marked TBM F-34, 50' 
east of east bank of Fishtail Creek. Center S^s NW^ 
SEH Sec. 18 T5S R17E 

Orange mark on a •3'x3' rock, slanted out of the ground 
about 1', 8' south of an old car frame, 35' north of 
corral fence,' about 95' west of loading chute, 12' east 
of bank of Fishtail Creek. Center NE^s NEJj Sec. 19 
T5S R17E 



F-36 5322.15 Orange mark on northeast comer of bridge over Fishtail 

Creek, on county road going southeast to West Rosebud 
Creek road. Center of SW^s NE^s NV^ Sec. 19 T5S R17E 

F-37 5376.13 Orange mark on southwest comer of l'x4" "I" beam for 

bridge, 2' east of west end of bridge over Fishtail 
Creek on road going from county road into Island Lake 
Ranch, center of south boundary of NV^ Sec. 19 T5S R17E. 

F-38 5394.67 Orange mark on a 2'x3' rock protruding 2" aboveground, 

6' east of centerline of trail across Fishtail and 
south between two forks of Fishtail Creek, 3' north of 
north edge of bridge, 10' west of north-south fence. 
Center of NW^s SWH; Sec. 19 T5S R17E 

F-39 5517.02 Orange mark on a Ih^xlVxlH^ pyramid-shaped rock, 3h' 

north of east-west fence, 12' west of west gate post 
for gate leading into Forest Service land, 22' southwest 
of 1^' diameter jackpine with a "No Hunting or Tres- 
passing" sign, on north boundary Sec. 25 T5S R17E. 



See footnotes on page 106. 



•105- 



TEMPORARY BENCH MARK DESCRIPTIONS (Continued) 

IBM - MSL - 

Number Elevation Description 

B-1 -^ 4433.30 On north end of cattle guard In drive to Oliver Herem's 

buildings, at end of little finger of hand print In the 
concrete, center of the Eh south boundary Sec. 36 T4S 
R18E 

B-2 4451.33 On top of old broken-off fence post on east side of 

county road going up Butcher Creek by telephone pole 
10' north of fence comer about three-eighths mile 
south of Oliver Herem's house. Center of south 
boundary of NE^i NE^ Sec. 1 T5S R18E 

B-3 4470.71 On large flat rock In center of "Y" of driveway to 

Jensen's farmstead. Center of SE^s Wh Sec. 1 T5S R18E 

B-4 4390.01 On southwest comer of rail on bridge over Butcher 

Creek on county road going east from Highway 307, 
about 500' east of center of Sec. 36 T4S RISE. 



1/ TBM = Temporary Bench Mark 

2/ MSL = Mean Sea Level 

_3/ ER — TBM is located along East Rosebud Creek. 

4^/ WR — TBM is located along West Rosebud Creek. 

5/ FI~TBM is located along Fiddler Creek. 

6/ I — TBM is located along Ingersoll Creek. 

]_/ F— TBM is located along Fishtail Creek. 

8/ B — TBM is located along Butcher Creek. 



-106- 



APPENDIX B 



Flood Plain Soils Data 




APPENDIX B 

SOILS 

Following are descriptions , explanation of interpretations , and Table 
of Interpretations of the six series and seven mapping units used in this 
report. These units have been designated as AdB, ChB, ChC, MaA, MbA, and 
TuA. 

The Adel, Bearmouth, Charlos, and Maurice series are frigid 
taxajuncts to their respective series. The total acres of these soils in 
the frigid area is small. The soil series and mapping units and soil sur- 
vey maps are advance copies and are subject to change pending final correla- 
tion. 

DESCRIPTION OF SERIES AND MAPPING UNITS 

ADEL SERIES 

The Adel series consists of deep, well-drained soils formed in alluvium 
on valley floors. They occupy stream terraces and fans. The native vegeta- 
tion is mainly rough fescue, Idaho fescue, Columbia needlegrass , hluegrass, 
lupine, shrubby cinque foil, annuals, other forbs, and woody plants. 

In a representative profile, the surface layer is silty clay loam and 
in two parts. The upper 18 inches are black and the lower 8 inches are dark 
gray. The underlying material is grayish brown and in two parts. The 
upper 14 inches are silty clay loam and the lower 20 inches are a heavy clay 
loam. 

Permeability is moderate and available water capacity is high. Reaction 
is neutral. 

-107- 



AdB Adel silty clay loam, to 8 percent slopes 

This nearly level to moderately sloping soil is on stream terraces and 
fans. Included in mapping are areas adjacent to streams that are subject to 
flooding by a 100-year frequency flood. Some included soils, adjacent to 
streams, have a high seasonal water table. Also included are a few small areas 
that have a clay loam surface layer and subsoil. Small areas of Heath and 
Charlos soils are included . 

Surface runoff is slow or medium and the erosion hazard is moderate for 
wind and water. 

This soil is suited for growing small grains, hay, and pasture. 

In some places, all or part of the delineated units identified as this soil 
are flooded by the 100-year frequency flood. See the flood plain map to deter- 
mine which areas of this soil are flooded during the 100-year frequency flood. 

BEARMOUTH SERIES 

The Bearmouth series consists of deep, well-drained soils formed in 
material weathered from alluvium. They occupy fans and stream terraces on flood 
plains. They are underlain by sand and gravels at depths of 12 to 30 inches. 
The native vegetation is mainly bluegrass , cordgrass , willows, and deciduous 
and evergreen trees. 

In a representative profile, the surface layer is dark grayish brown gravelly 
loam for a thickness of about 4 inches. The subsoil is in two parts. The upper 
5 inches are dark brown gravelly loam and the lower 7 inches are brown very 
gravelly loam. The underlying material is pale brown very cobbly sand. 

Permeability is rapid for the upper 16 inches and very rapid below. The 
available water capacity is very low. Reaction is neutral. 

The Bearmouth soils are mapped in a complex with the Maurice soils in 
mapping unit MbA. 

-108- 



CHARLOS SERIES 

The Charlos series consists of deep, well-drained soils formed in 
materials weathered from glacial outwash. They occupy outwash terraces 
and fans and are underlain by very gravelly sand at depths of 20 to 40 
inches. The native vegetation is mainly bluebunch wheatgrass , rough fes- 
cue, spike fescue, green needlegrass, Idaho fescue, thickspike wheatgrass, 
annuals, and deciduous and evergreen trees. 

In a representative profile, the surface layer is clay loam about 6 
inches thick and is in two parts. The upper 3 inches are a dark gray and 
the lower 3 inches are a dark grayish brown. The subsoil is in 3 parts. 
The upper 5 inches are dark brown clay loam. The middle 6 inches are brown 
clay loam and the lower 13 inches ^re brown very gravelly loam. The under- 
lying material is gravelly sand. 

Permeability is moderate to a depth of 30 inches and rapid below that 
depth. The available water capacity is low or moderate. Reaction is 
neutral . 

ChB Charlos clay loam, to 4 percent slopes 

This nearly level or gently sloping soil occupies glacial outwashed 
terraces. It has the profile described as typical for the series. Included 
in mapping are a few small areas with cobble and stone on the surface anc 
clay loam underlying material. 

Surface runoff is medium and the erosion hazard slight or moderate 
from water and moderate from wind. 

In some places, part of the delineated units identified as this soil 
is flooded by the 100-year frequency flood. See the flood plain map to 

-109- 



determine which areas of this soil are subject to flooding during the 
100-year frequency flood. 

This soil is suited for growing irrigated and nonirrigated crops and 
pasture. It is also suited for range. 

ChC Charlos clay loam, 4 to 8 percent slopes 

This moderately sloping soil occupies glacial outwashed terraces. 
It has a profile similar to that described as typical for the series. 
Included in mapping are a few small areas having lesser and greater slopes. 
Also included are small areas that have a loam surface layer. Small areas 
of Thiel and Heath soils are also included. 

Surface runoff is medium and the water and wind erosion hazard is 
moderate. 

This soil is suited for growing nonirrigated and irrigated wheat, barley, 
oats, and hay. 

MAURICE SERIES 

The Maurice series consists of deep, well-drained soils formed in 
materials weathered from alluvium. They are underlain by sand and gravel at 
depths 10 to 20 inches. The native vegetation is mainly bluegrass , basin 
wildrye, sedges, rough fescue, annual forbs, woody plants, and some deciduous 
and evergreen trees. 

In a representative profile, the surface layer is dark grayish brown 
very gravelly loam about 13 inches thick. The subsoil is dark brawn very 
gravelly fine sandy loam about 11 inches thick. The underlying material is 
light brownish gray very gravelly fine sandy loam. 



■110- 



Permeability is rapid to about 13 inches and very rapid below. The 
available water capacity is very low. Reaction is neutral. 

MaA Maurice very cobbly loam, to 2 percent slopes 

This nearly level soil occupies stream terraces. It has a profile 
similar to that described as typical for the series except that it has a very 
cobbly loam surface layer. Included in mapping are small areas with very 
gravelly loam or cobbly loam surface layers. Also included are small, some- 
what poorly and poorly drained areas. Small areas of Charlos and Bearmouth 
soils are also included. 

Surface runoff is slow and erosion hazard from wind is slight and 
erosion hazard from water is slight or moderate. 

In some places, all or part of the delineated xmits identified as this 
soil is flooded by the 100-year frequency flood. See the flood plain map to 
determine which areas of this soil are subject to flooding during the 100-year 
frequency flood. 

This soil is suited for irrigated native pasture. 

MbA Maurice-Bearmouth complex, to 2 percent slopes 

This soil complex comprises nearly level soils on stream terraces and 
flood plains. About 65 percent is Maurice very gravelly loam and about 30 
percent is Bearmouth gravelly loam. Maurice soils occupy swales or concave 
areas and the Bearmouth soils occupy convex areas and edges of terraces. 
Included in mapping are a few small gravel bars, a few small areas that are 
somewhat poorly and poorly drained. Also included are about 5 percent 
Charlos and Lohler soils. 



■Ill- 



The Maurice and Bearmouth soils have profiles similar to the ones 
described as typical for their series. 

During the summer months the water table is near the surface. 

Surface runoff is slow and the erosion is slight from wind and water. 

In some places, all or part of the delineated units identified as this 
soil is flooded by the 100-year frequency flood. See the flood plain map 
to determine which areas of this soil are subject to flooding during the 
100-year frequency flood. 

The soils in this unit are suited for pasture and range. 

TuA Typic Ustif Invent, to 4 percent slopes 

This land type occupies nearly level or gently sloping, partly filled 
stream channels, oxbows, stream terraces, and terrace edges on and adjacent 
to flood plains. The soils are mostly deep loams, clay loams, gravelly 
loams, and cobbly or stony loams. Very fine sand, coarse sand, and fine to 
coarse gravel deposits occur throughout the unit, but they are most promi- 
nent along the active streams. The vegetation is mainly western wheatgrass, 
green needlegrass , prairie junegrass , blue grama, forbs, shrubs, and 
Cottonwood trees. 

The soils are mostly moderately permeable and have a moderate available 
water capacity. 

The hazard of erosion is slight or moderate from both wind and water. 

In some places all or part of the delineated units identified as this 
soil is flooded by the 100-year frequency flood. See the flood plain map 
to determine which areas of this soil are subject to flooding during the 
100-year frequency flood. 

These soils are mainly used for pasture and range. 

-112- 



INTERPRETATIONS OF SOILS 

Interpretations are given in Table 6 for a niomber of uses. The 
ratings do not apply to small areas of highly contrasting soils within 
a mapping unit. For this reason the interpretations will not elimi- 
nate the need for on-site investigations and testing for specific 
design and construction . The interpretations can, however, be useful 
in general land use planning, in assessing hazards and development 
problems, in comparing different areas for a specific use, and in 
planning more detailed investigations at selected sites. Interpreta- 
tions are based on the upper five feet of soil material in its natural 
state unless otherwise stated. 

For some of the interpretations in Table 6, soil, limitations are 
indicated by the ratings slight , moderate, and severe . Slight means 
soil properties generally are favorable for the use or limitations 
are minor and easily overcome. Moderate means that some soil proper- 
ties are limiting, but can be overcome or modified by special planning 
and design. Severe means soil properties are so limiting that to 
correct or overcome them requires major soil reclamation or special 
design. For other uses, such as topsoil, suitability is rated by 
the terms good, fair , and poor , which have meanings approximately 
parallel to the terms slight, moderate, and severe. For other uses, 
no rating is given, but important soil features to be considered in 
planning, installation, or maintenance are listed. Where ratings such 
as moderate, severe, fair, or poor are used, the main limiting features 
are given by number (some are in percent slope) . 



■113- 



Following are explanations of the selected uses listed in the 
interpretation table (pages 99 and 100) : 

Cropland — The limitations of soils for cropland are based on the 
capacity of the soil to produce, without excessive soil deterioration, 
economically acceptable yields of crops commonly grown in the area. 
Droughtiness , wetness, erosion hazard, workability, slope, and soil 
patterns are items considered in evaluating the soils for cropland. 

Septic Tank Absorption Fields — Septic tank absorption fields are sub- 
surface systems of tile or perforated pipe that distribute effluent 
from a septic tank into natural soil. The soil material from a depth 
of 24 inches to five feet is evaluated. The soil properties considered 
are those that affect both absorption of effluent and construction and 
operation of the system. Properties that affect absorption are 
permeability, depth to water table or rock, and susceptibility to 

flooding. Slope is a soil property that affects difficulty of layout 
and construction and also the risk of soil erosion, lateral seepage, 

and downslope flow of effluent. Large rocks or boulders increase 

construction costs. 

Sewage Lagoons — Sewage lagoons are shallow ponds constructed to hold 
sewage within a depth of two to five feet long enough for bacteria to 
decompose the solids. A lagoon has a nearly level floor. The sides, 
or embankments, are of soil material compacted to medium density. 
The pond is protected from flooding. Soil properties are considered that 
affect the pond floor and the embankment. Those that affect the pond 
floor are permeability, organic matter, depth to gravel, and slope. The 



-114- 



soil properties that affect the embankment are the engineering 
properties of the embankment material that influence the ease of 
excavation and compaction. 

Shallow Excavations — Shallow excavations are those that require digging 
or trenching to a depth of less than six feet; for example, excavations 
for pipelines, sewer lines, phone and power transmission lines, base- 
ments, open ditches, and cemeteries. Desirable soil properties are 
good workability, moderate resistance to sloughing, gentle slopes, 
absence of rock outcrops or big stones, and freedom from flooding or 
a high water table. 

Dwellings — Dwellings, for which the soils are given limitation ratings 
are those not more than three stories high and that are supported by 
foundation footings placed in undisturbed soil. The features that 
affect the rating of a soil for such dwellings are those that relate' 
to capacity to support load and resist settlement under load. Soil 
properties that affect capacity to support load are wetness, suscepti- 
bility to flooding, density, plasticity, texture, frost action potential, 
and shrink-swell potential. Those that affect excavation are wetness, 
slope, and content of stones and rocks. (On-site investigations are 
needed for interpretations relevant to detailed design of foundations 
and to specific placement of buildings.) 

Local Roads and Streets — Local roads and streets for which soil ratings 
are given have an all-weather surface expected to carry automobile 
traffic. Roads and streets should have a subgrade consisting of 



■ 115- 



gravel, crushed rock, or compacted soil material with a surface of 
gravel, asphalt, or concrete. They are graded to shed water and have 
provisions for drainage. 

Soil properties that most affect design and construction of roads 
and streets are load-supporting capacity, stability of the subgrade, 
and the workability and quantity of cut-and-fill material available. 
Wetness and flooding affect stability of the material. Slope, depth 
to hard rock, content of stones and rocks, and wetness affect ease 
of excavation and amount of cut-and-fill needed to reach an even grade. 

Playgrounds — Playgrounds are areas to be used intensively for baseball, 
footballi badminton, and for other similar organized games. These 
areas are subject to intensive foot traffic. A nearly level surface, 
good drainage, and a soil texture and consistency that gives a firm 
surface generally are required. Soil suitability for growing vegeta- 
tion is an important consideration. 

Paths and Trails — Paths and trails include local and cross-country 
footpaths, trails, and bridle paths. It is assumed that these areas 
will be used as they occur in nature and that little or no soil will 
be moved (excavated or filled) . Soil features that affect traffica- 
bility, dust, design, and maintenance are given special emphasis. 
These include soil texture, wetness, slope, and coarse fragments. 

Picnic Areas and Campgroxinds — Picnic areas and campgrounds are areas 
used for tents and small trailers and the accompanying activities of 
outdoor living or for picnicking. Foot traffic and vehicle traffic 
are usually more intense on campgrounds than on picnic areas, but the 



-116- 



two require about the same kind of soil. Well-drained, moderately 
permeable to rapidly permeable, nearly level soils with texture that 
provides a firm surface are ideal for picnic areas and campgrounds. 
Soils that have a high clay content, those that are very slowly 
permeable to water, those that have a water table within 20 inches 
of the surface during the season of use, or those that are on slopes 
of more than 15 percent are rated as severe. It is assumed that 
little site preparation will be done other than shaping or leveling 
for tents and parking areas. Soils should be suitable for heavy foot 
traffic and limited vehicular traffic. Suitability for growing vege- 
tation is an important consideration. 

Road Fill — The suitability ratings reflect (1) the predicted perform- 
since of soil after it has been placed in an embankment that has been 
properly compacted and provided with adequate drainage and (2) the 
relative ease of excavating the material at borrow areas. 

Topsoil — Topsoil is used for topdressing an area where vegetation is 
to be established and maintained. Suitability is affected mainly by 
ease of working and spreading the soil material, as for preparing a 
seedbed; natural fertility of the material or the response of plants 
when fertilizer is applied; and absence of substances toxic to plants. 
Texture of the soil material and its content of stone fragments are 
characteristics that affect suitability, but also considered in the 
ratings is the damage that will result at the area from which topsoil 
is taken. 



• 117- 



Dikes, Levees, and Embankments — Dikes, levees, and other embankments 
for retention of water require soil material resistant to seepage and 
piping and of favorable stability; shrink-swell potential; shear 
strength; and compactibility. Presence of stones or organic material 
in a soil are among factors that are unfavorable. 

Drainage — Drainage is affected by such soil properties as permeability, 
texture, and structure; depth to claypan, rock, or other layers that 
influence rate of water movement; depth to the water table; slope, 
stability in ditch banks; susceptibility to stream overflow; salinity 
or alkalinity; and availability of outlets for drainage. 

Irrigation — Irrigation of a soil is affected by such features as slope, 
susceptibility to stream overflow, water erosion or soil blowing, soil 
texture, contents of stones, accumulations of salts and alkali, depth 
of root zone, rate of water intake at the surface, permeability of 
soil layers below the surface layer, amount of water held available 
to plants, and need for drainage or depth to water table or bedrock. 



-118- 



D USES 1/ 

YSIS 



.Ity As A 
;e of: 5/ 



Soil Features Affecting: 5/ 



Topsoil 



Dikes, Levees, Embankments DrainaRe 



Irrigation 



Fair 15 



Poor 18 



Fair 15 



Fair 15 



Poor 18 



Poor 18 



Low shear strength, fair 
compaction 

High permeability of the 
compacted soil 



Medium or low shear 
strength, medium or high 
piping hazard 

Medivim or low shear 
strength, medium or high 
piping hazard 

Medium or high compacted 
permeability 

Medium or high compacted 
permeability 



Permeability is 0.60 
to 2.0 in/hr. 

Permeability more than 
6.0 in/hr below about 
16 inches 

Permeability more than 
6.0 in/hr below about 
30 inches 

Permeability more than 
6.0 in/hr below about 
30 inches 

Seasonal water table 
at 24 to 36 inches 

Seasonal water table 
at or near the surface 
during summer 



Permeability is 0.60 
to 2.0 in/hr. 

Permeability more than 
6.0 in/hr below about 
16 inches 

Permeability more than 
6.0 in/hr below about 
30 inches 

Permeability more than 
6.0 in/hr below about 
30 inches 

Seasonal water table 
at 24 to 36 inches 

Seasonal water table 
at or near the surface 
during summer 



line flood frequencies more often than 100 years . 

of this soil are flooded during the 100-year frequency flood.' 
soil are flooded during the 100-year frequency flood. 



Cutbanks cave 

Low shear strength 

Seasonally high water tabl« in at or near the surface during 
summer months 

Bedrock, hard, at 20 to 40 inches 

Bedrock, rippable, at 20 to 40 inches 

Bedrock, hard, at 10 to 20 inches 

Bedrock, rippable, at 10 to 20 inches 



-119- 



TABLE 6 
TABLE OF SOIL INTERPRETATIONS FOR SELECTED USES 1/ 

ROSEBUD CREEK TRIBUTARIES FLOOD HAZARD ANALYSIS 
STILLWATER COUNTY, MONTANA 













Degree 


and Kind of L 


imitation F 


or: 5/ 










Suitability As A 
Source of: 


5/ 


Soil Features Affecting: 5/ 


Soil Series 
and 
Symbols 

Adel 3/ 
AdB 




Cropland 


Septic 
Tank 

Absorption 
Field 


Sewage Lagoons 


Shallow 
Excavations 


Dwellings 

With 
Basements 


Dwellings 
Without 
Basements 


Local Roads 
Streets and 
Parking 
Areas 


Playgrounds 


Paths and Trails 


Picnic Areas 

and 
Campgrounds 


Road Fill 


Topsoil 


Dikes, Levees, Embankments 


Drainage 


Irrigation 


Moderate 
7,10 


Severe 1 


Severe 1 


Severe 1 


Severe 1 
20 


Severe 1 
20 


Severe 1 
20 


Severe 1,3 


Moderate 15 


16 


Moderate 
15,16 


Poor 20 


Fair 


15 


Low shear strength, fair 
compaction 


Permeability is 0.60 
to 2.0 in/hr. 


Permeability is 0.60 
to 2.0 in/hr. 


Bearmouth - 
(Mapped with Maurice 
soils In MbA) 


Severe 
6,18,21 


Severe -^ 
1,17,21 


Severe -' 
1,6.17.21 


Severe 1 
18,19,21 


Severe 
1,21 


Severe 

1,21 


Severe 21 

1 


Severe 21 

1 


Severe 21 




Severe 21 


Good 


Poor 


18 


High permeability of the 
compacted soil 


Permeability more than 
6.0 in/hr below about 
16 inches 


Permeability more than 
6.0 in/hr below about 
16 inches 


Charles -^ 
ChB 




Moderate 
10 


Severe -'' 

1 


Severe - 

1,6 

V 
Severe 

6 


Severe 19 

1 


Severe 1 


Severe 1 


Severe 1 


Moderate 
15,16 


Moderate 15 


16 


Moderate 
15,16 


Fair 
11,20 


Fair 


15 


Medium or low shear 
strength, medium or high 
piping hazard 


Permeability more than 
6.0 in/hr below about 
30 inches 


Permeability more than 
6.0 in/hr below about 
30 Inches 


ChC 




Moderate 
3,10 


Slight - 


Severe 19 


Slight 


Moderate 
U 


Moderate 11 


Severe 3 


Moderate 15 


16 


Moderate 
15,16 


Fair 
11,20 


Fair 


15 


Medium or low shear 
strength, medium or high 
piping hazard 


Permeability more than 
6.0 in/hr below about 
30 inches 


Permeability more than 
6.0 in/hr below about 
30 inches 


Maurice 
Ma A 3/ 




Severe 
6,18 


Severe - 
1.2,17 


Severe - 
1,2.6,17,18 


Severe 2,18 
19 


Severe 1,2 


Severe 

1.2 


Severe 1 


Severe 18 


Severe 18 




Severe 18 


Good 


Poor 


18 


Medium or high compacted 
permeability 


Seasonal water table 
at 24 to 36 inches 


Seasonal water table 
at 24 to 36 Inches 


Mauri ce-Beamiouth 
(For Bearmouth part 
see Bearmouth) 
MbA 3/ 


Severe 
6,21,18 


Severe 1' 
1,17,21 


Severe 1' 
1,6,17,21 


Severe 1 
18.19,21 


Severe 
1,21 


Severe 
1,21 


Severe 21 

1 


Severe 21 

1 


Severe 21 




Severe 21 


Good 


Poor 


18 


Medium or high compacted 
permeability 


Seasonal water table 
at or near the surface 
during summer 


Seasonal water table 
at or near the surface 
during summer 


Typic Ustifluvents 
TuA 3/ 


- - - - Too variable to 


classify; on-sit 


e investigati 


on needed. - 


- - - 

























1/ All soils identified as having a potential flood hazard because of being in the 100-year frequency flood area require on-site inspection and more detailed study to determine flood frequencies more often than 100 years. 

2/ Potential ground-water pollution hazard. 

3^/ In some places all or part of the delineated units identified as this soil are flooded by the 100-year frequency flood. See the flood plain map to determine which areas of this soil are flooded during the 100-year frequency flood.' 

4/ In some places part of the delineated units identified as this soil are flooded by the 100-year frequency flood. See the flood plain map to determine which areas of this soil are flooded during the 100-year frequency flood. 



5/ LIMITING SOIL FEATURES INDICATED BY NUMBER 



1. Flooding or ponding hazard 

2. Seasonally high water table 2 to 4 feet below the surface 

3. Gently sloping to strongly sloping 

4. Moderately steep 

5. Steep 

6. Permeability is more than 2.0 inches/hr. 

7. Moderate permeability (0.60 to 2.0 inches/hr.) 

8. Moderately slow permeability (0.20 to 0.60 inches/hr.) 

9. Slow permeability (less than 0.20 inches/hr.) 



10. Erosion hazard 

11. Moderate frost action potential 

12. High frost action potential 

13. Moderate shrink-swell potential 

14. High shrink-swell potential 

15. Unfavorable clay content 

16. Slippery and sticky when wet and slow to dry 

17. Seepage hazard 

18. Coarse fragments (gravels, cobbles, or stones) 



19. Cutbanks cave 

20. Low shear strength 

21. Seasonally high water tablB in at or near the surface during 
summer months 

22. Bedrock, hard, at 20 to 40 inches 

23. Bedrock, rippable, at 20 to 40 inches 

24. Bedrock, hard, at 10 to 20 inches 

25. Bedrock, rippable, at 10 to 20 inches 



-119- 






to 


3 


3 


to 


6 


6 


to 


9 


9+ 





SOILS GLOSSARY 

Available water capacity — Available water capacity is the amount of 

water held in the soil for plant growth after all free water 

has drained away. It is expressed in inches of water held per 

five-foot depth of soil. 

Inches /60-inch Profile Class 

Very low 
Low 

Moderate 
High 

Calcareous Soil — Soil containing sufficient calcium carbonate to . 

effervesce visibly when treated with Ool normal hydrochloric acid. 

Clay — As a soil separate, the mineral soil particles less than .002 

millimeters in diameter. As a soil textural class, soil material 
that is 40 percent or more clay, less than 45 percent sand, aind 
less than 40 percent silt. 

Clay loam — A soil textural class; soil material that has 27 to 40 
percent clay and 20 to 45 percent sand. 

Erosion hazard — Relative susceptibility of the soil to the prevailing 
erosion agents of water and wind. 

Fine sandy loam — A soil textural class; soil material that contains 
either 20 percent clay or less and the percentage of silt plus 
twice the percentage of clay exceeds 30, and 52 percent or more 
sand; or less than 7 percent clay, less than 50 percent silt, 
and between 43 and 52 percent sand, 

-121- 






to 


3 


3 


to 


6 


6 


to 


9 


9+ 





SOILS GLOSSARY 

Available water capacity — Available water capacity is the amount of 

water held in the soil for plant growth after all free water 

has drained away. It is expressed in inches of water held per 

five-foot depth of soil. 

Inches /60-inch Profile Class 

Very low 
Low 

Moderate 
High 

Calcareous Soil — Soil containing sufficient calcium carbonate to . 

effervesce visibly when treated with 0„1 normal hydrochloric acid. 

Clay — As a soil separate, the mineral soil particles less than .002 

millimeters in diameter. As a soil textural class, soil material 
that is 40 percent or more clay, less than 45 percent sand, and 
less than 40 percent silt. 

Clay loam — A soil textural class; soil material that has 27 to 40 
percent clay and 20 to 45 percent sand. 

Erosion hazard — Relative susceptibility of the soil to the prevailing 
erosion agents of water and wind. 

Fine sandy loam — A soil textural class; soil material that contains 
either 20 percent clay or less and the percentage of silt plus 
twice the percentage of clay exceeds 30, and 52 percent or more 
sand; or less than 7 percent clay, less than 50 percent silt, 
and between 43 and 52 percent sand. 

-121- 



Interpretation, Soil — The art and science of explaining the meaning 
or significance of basic soil information for alternative uses. 

Loam — A soil textural class having 7 to 27 percent clay, 28 to 50 
percent silt, and less than 52 percent sand. 

Loamy sand — A soil textural class having 25 percent or more very 

coarse, coarse and medivun sand, and less than 50 percent fine 
or very fine sand. 

Mapping Unit — It is composed of one or more soils having defined 
properties. Included are areas of other soils. 

Permeability — The rate at which water will move downward through a 

saturated soili Terms used to describe relative classes of soil 
permeability are as follows: 

Class Rate of Measurement Through Soil (Inches per hr.) 

Very slow Less than 0.06 
Slow 0.06 to 0.20 

Moderately slow 0.20 to 0.6 
Moderate 0.6 to 2.0 

Moderately rapid 2.0 to 6.0 
Rapid 6.0 to 20 

Very rapid More than 20 

Potential for Frost Action — Potential for frost action refers to the 
heaving of soils upon freezing as a result of the formation of 

ice crystals or lenses in the soil. This is verv noticeable 

in the spring when the freezing and thawing is the most intense. 

The intensity of the problem is associated with soil and drainage 



-122- 



characteristics. Values of high, moderate, and low are used 
to rate this soil hazard for soils with a potential for frost 
action. 

Reaction — The degree of acidity or alkalinity of the soil, usually 

expressed as a pH value. The following reaction classes are 

recognized: 

Slightly acid pH 6.1 to 6.5 

Neutral pH 6.6 to 7.3 

Mildly alkaline pH 7.4 to 7.8 

Moderately alkaline pH 7.9 to 8.4 

Strongly alkaline pH 8.5 to 9.0 

Runoff — The removal of water by flow over the surface of the soil. 
The amount and rapidity of surface runoff are affected by the 
texture, structure, and porosity of the surface layer, by the 
vegetative covering, by the prevailing climate, and by the slope. 
The rate of surface runoff is expressed as follows: ponded, 
very slow, slow, medium, rapid, and very rapid. 

Sand — Individual rock or mineral fragments having diameters ranging 
from 0.05 millimeters to 2.0 millimeters. Sand grains consist 
chiefly of quartz, but they may be of any mineral composition. 
As a textural class, soil that is 85 percent or more sand and 
not more than 10 percent clay. 

Series, soil — A group of soils developed from a particular type of 
parent material and having genetic horizons that, except for 
texture of the surface soil, are similar in differentiating 
characteristics and in arrangement in the profile. 



■123- 



Shrink-swell potential- -Shrink-swe 11 potential is the potential 

voliame change of a wet soil compared to the same soil when dry. 
The volume change behavior of soils is influenced by the amount 
and kind of clay present in the soil. In general, soils of clay 
texture have a high shrink-swell potential, whereas soils having 
high sand and gravel content with small amounts of clay and silt 
have a low shrink-swell potential. 

Silt loam- -A soil textural class; soil material that has 50 percent 
or more silt and 12 to 27 percent of clay. 

Slope- -The rise or fall of the land surface measured in feet per 
hundred feet distance and expressed in percent. 

Soil, frigid- -The mean annual soil temperature is 47"? (S'C) at a 
depth of 20 inches (50 cm) . 

Soil Series and Map Symbols — Each kind of soil is listed separately 
by series. The map symbol (such as Da) designates the mapping 
unit in which a given series occurs. 

Soil, taxa3unct- -A soil that differs slightly from the named series by 
one or two features but does not change the use and management of 
the soil. 

Subsoil — Technically, the B horizon; roughly, the part of the profile 
below plow depth. 

Substratum — Any layer beneath the solum or true soil. 

Surface Layer — The soil ordinarily moved in tillage or its equivalent 
in uncultivated soil (about 5 to 8 inches in thickness) . 

-124- 



Terrace (Geologic) --An old alluvial plain, ordinarily nearly level 
or undulating, bordering a river or stream. 

Texture, Soil — The relative proportions of sand, silt, and clay 

particles in a mass of soil. The basic textural classes used 
in this survey in order of increasing proportion of fine 
particles are loamy sand, loamy fine sand, sandy loam, fine 
sandy loam, loam, silt loam, sandy clay loam, clay loam, silty 
clay loam, silty clay, and clay. Gravelly and cobbly prefixes 
are added to the above textures when the percent by volume of 
these coarse fragments is 15 percent or greater. 



-125- 



APPENDIX C 



Legal Reference 




APPENDIX C-1 

MONTANA FLOnnWAY MANAGEMENT AND REGULATION ACT, SECTION 89-3501 et. seq ., 
R.C.M. 1947. 

Chapter 35 
Floodway Management and Regulation 

894501. Findings. The people of the state of Montana find that re- 
current flooding of a portion of the state's land resources causes loss of 
life, damage to property, disruption of coiiniicrce and governmental 
services, and unsanitary conditions; all of which are detrimental to the 
health, safety, welfare and property of the occupants of flooded lands 
and the people of this state, and that the public interest necessitates 
management and regulation of flood-prone lands and waters in a manner 
consistent with sound land and water use management practices which 
will prevent and alleviate flooding threats to life and health and reduce 
private and public economic losses. 

89-3502. Policy and purposes. (1) The policy and purposes of this 
act arc to guide development of the floodway areas of this state consistent 
with the enumerated findings; to recognize the right and need of water- 
courses to periodicaffy carry more than the normal flow of water; to pro- 
vide state co-ordination and technical assistance to local units in manage- 
ment of floodway areas; to co-ordinate federal, state and local management 
activities for floodway areas; to encourage local governmental units to 
manage flood-prone lands including the adoption, enforcement and ad- 
ministration of land-use regulations; and to provide the department of 
natural resources and conservation with authority necessary to carry out 
a comprehensive floodway management program for the state. 

(2) Speciflcally, it is the purpose of this act to : 

(a) restrict or prohibit uses which are dangerous to health, safety of 
property in times of flood or cause increased flood heights or velocities ; 

(b) require that uses vulnerable to floods, including public facilities 
which serve such uses, be provided with flood protection at the time of 
initial construction ; 

(c) develop and provide information to identify lands which are un- 
suited for certain development purpose-i because of flood hazard ; 

(d) distinguish between the land-use regulations applied to the desig- 
nated floodway and those applied to that portion of the designated flood- 
plain not contained within the designated floodway ; ■ 

(e) apply more restrictive land-use regulations within the desig- 
nated floodway ; 

(f) ensure that regulations and minimum standards adopted under 
this act, in so far as possible, balance the greatest public good with the 
least private injury. 

89-3503. Definitions. As used in this chapter, unless the context other- 
wise requires : 

(1) "A flood of one hundred year (100) frequency" means a flood 
magnitude expected to recur on the average of once every one hundred 
(100) years, or a flood magnitude which has a one per cent (1%) chance 
of occurring in any given year ; 

(2) "Channel" means the geographical area within either the natural 

-127- 



or artificial banks of a watercourse or drainway ; 

(3) "Board" means the board of natural resources and conservation 
provided for in section 82A-1509; 

(4) "Department" means the department of natural resources and 
conservation provided fpr in Title 82A, chapter 15 ; 

(5) "Designated floodway" means a floodway whose limits have been 
designated and established by order of the board ; 

(6) "Designated floodplain" means a floodplain whose limits have 
been designated and established by order of the board ; 

(7) "Drainway" means any depression two (2) feet or more below 
the surrounding land serving to give direction to a current of water less 
than nine (9) months of the year, having a bed and well-defined banks; 
provided, that in the event of doubt as to whether a depression is a water- 
course or drainway, it shall be presumed to be a watercourse ; 

(8) "Flood" means the water of any watercourse or drainway which 
is above the bank or outside the channel and banks of such watercourse 
or drainway ; 

(9) "Floodway" means the channel of a watercourse or drainway and 
those poitions of the floodplain adjoining the channel which are reasonably 
required to carry and discharge the flood water of any watercourse or 
drainway ; 

(10) "Floodplain" means the area adjoining the watercourse or drain- 
way which would be covered by the flood water of a flood of one hundred 
(100) year frequency; 

(11) "Establish" means construct, place, insert, or excavate; 

(12) "Natural obstruction" means any rock, tree, gravel, or analogous 
natural matter that is an obstruction and has been located within the 
floodplain or floodway by a nonhuman cause ; 

(13) "Artificial obstruction" means any obstruction which is not a 
natural obstruction and includes any dam, wall, riprap, embankment, levee, 
dike, pile, abutment, projection, revetment, excavation, channel rectifica- 
tion, bridge, conduit, culvert, building, refuse, automobile body, fill, or 
other analogous structure or matter in, along, across, or projecting into 
any floodplain or floodway which may impede, retard or change thfc direc- 
tion of the flow of water, either in itself or by catching or collecting debris 
carried by the water, or that is placed where the natural flow of the water 
would carry the same downstream to the damage or detriment of either 
life or property; 

(14) "Owner" means any person who has dominion over, control of, or 
title to an obstruction ; 

(15) "Political subdivision" means incorgorated city or town or 
any county organized and having authority to adopt and enforce land-use 
regulations; 

(16) "Responsible political subdivision" means a political subdivision 
that has enacted land-use regulations in accordance with this act; and 

(17) "Watercourse" means any depression two (2) feet or more below 
the surrounding land serving to give direction to a current of water at 
least nine (9) months of the year, having a bed and well-defined banks; 
provided, that it shall, upon order of the board, also include any particular 
depression which would not otherwise be within the definition of water- 
course. 



-128- 



89-3504. Program for delineation of floodplains and floodways — land- 
use regulations. (l)(a) The department shall initiate a comprehensive 
program for the delineation of designated floodplains and designated flood- 
ways for every watercourse and drainway in- the state. It shall make a 
study relating to the acquiring of flood data, and may enter into arrange- 
ments with the United States geological survey, the United States amiv 
corps of engineers or any other state or federal agency for such acquisition. 

(b) Before the board establishes by order a designated floodplain or 
a designated floodway, the department shall consult with the affected 
political subdivisions. Consultation shall include, but not be limited to, the 
following: 

^i) specifically requesting that the political subdivisions submit per- 
tinent data concerning flood hazards, including flooding experiences, plans 
to avoid potential hazards, estimates of economic impacts of flooding on 
the community, both historical and prospective, and such other data as 
considered appropriate; 

(ii) notifying local officials, including members of the county com- 
mission, city council and planning board, of the progress of surveys, studies 
and investigations and of proposed findings, along with information con- 
cerning data and methods employed in reaching such conclusions; and 

(iii) encouraging local dissemination of information concerning sur- 
veys, studies and investigations, so that interested persons will have an 
opportunity to bring relevant data to the attention of the department. 

(2) When sufficient data have been acquired by the department, the 
board shall establish, by order, after a public hearing, the designated flood- 
plain within which a political subdivision may establish land-use regulation. 
When sufficient data have been acquired, the board shall establish, by 
order, after a public hearing, the designated floodway within which a 
political subdivision may establish land-use regulation. These designations 
shall be based upon reasonable hydrological certainty. When the desig- 
nated floodplain or the designated floodway has been established, the 
department shall furnish this data to officials of the political subdivision 
having jurisdiction over those areas together with a map outlining the 
areas involved, a copy of this act, adopted rules of the board, and suggested 
minimum standards adopted by the board. These standards and rules shall 
reflect gradations in flood hazard based on criteria as outlined in section 
89-3507(2). In adopting these standards, rules, and regulations, the board 
shall consider local input from the affected political subdivisions. The 
department shall record all designated floodplains or designated floodways 
established by the board in the office of the county clerk and recorder of 
each county in which those floodplains or floodways are found. The board 
may alter the floodplains or floodways at any later time, by order, after a 
public hearing if a re-evaluation of the then available flood data warrants 
it. Notice of a hearing or order of the board establishing or altering the 
floodplains or floodways shall be given by publishing the notice once each 
week for three (3) consecutive weeks in a legal newspaper published or 
of general circulation in the area involved, the last publication of which 
shall be not less than ten (10) days prior to the date set for the hearing 
or the effective date of the order. 



-129- 



(3) Upon transmittal of the floodplain information to officials of a 
political subdivision, the political subdivision has six (6) months from 
the date of transmittal to adopt land-use regulations which meet or exceed 
the minimum standards of the board. If within the six (6) month period 
the political subdivision has failed to adopt the land-use regulations, the 
department shall enforce the minimum standards within the designated 
floodplain or the designated floodway as established by the board under 
subsection (2) of this section, and no artificial obstruction or nonconform- 
ing use shall be established by any person within the designated floodplain 
or the designated floodway, unless specifically authorized by the board. 
When necessary for compliance with federal flood insurance requirements, 
the board may shorten the six (6) month period upon notification to the 
political subdivision and publication of a notice thereof in a newspaper of 
general circulation in the affected area once a week for three (3) consecu- 
tive weeks. 

89-3505. Artificial obstructions and nonconforming uses as nuisances. 

An artificial obstruction or nonconforming use in a designated floodplain 
or designated floodway enforced under section 89-3504(3) and not exempt 
under section 89-3506 is a public nuisance unless a permit has been obtained 
for such artificial obstruction or nonconforming use from the department 
or the responsible political subdivision. 

89-3506. Establishment of artificial obstructions or nonconforming uses 
unlawful — permitted open space uses — prohibited nonconforming uses. 
(1) It is unlawful for a person to establish an artificial obstruction or non- 
conforming use within a designated floodplain or a designated floodway, 
without a permit from the department or the responsible political sub- 
division. This act does not affect any existing artificial obstruction or non- 
conforming use established in the designated floodplain or designated flood- 
way before the land-use regulations adopted by the political subdivision 
are effective or before the board has enforced a designated floodplain or 
a designated floodway under section 89-3504(3) ; however, a person may 
not make nor may an owner allow alterations of an artificial obstruction or 
nonconforming use within a designated floodplain or a designated floodway 
whether the obstruction proposed for alteration was located in the flood- 
plain or floodway before or after the effective date of this act except upon 
express written approval of the department or the responsible political 
subdivision. Maintenance of an obstruction is not an alteration. 

(2) The following open space uses shall be permitted within the 
designated floodway, to the extent that they are not prohibited by any 
other ordinance or statute, and provided they do not require structures 
other than portable structures, fill, or permanent storage qf materials or 
equipment: (a) agricultural uses; (b) industrial-commercial uses such as 
loading areas, parking areas, emergency landing strips; (c) private and 
public recreational uses such as golf courses, tennis courts, driving ranges, 
archery ranges, picnic grounds, boat launching ramps, swimming areas, 
parks, wildlife management and natural areas, game farms, fish hatcheries, 
shooting preserves, target ranges, trap and skeet ranges, hunting and fish- 
ing areas, hiking and horseback riding trails; (d) forestry, including 
processing of forest products with portable equipment; (e) residential 
uses such as lawns, gardens, parking areas and play areas; (f) excavations 
subject to the issuance of a permit under section 89-3507. 



-130- 



(3) Permits shall be granted for the following uses within that portion 
of the floodplain not contained within the designated floodway, to the 
extent that they are not prohibited by any other ordinance, regulation or 
statute : 

(a) any use permitted in the designated floodway ; 

(b) structures, including, but not limited to, residential, commercial, 
and industrial structures, provided that: 

(i) such structures meet the minimum standards adopted by the 
board; 

(ii) residential structures are constructed on fill such that the lowest 
floor elevation (including basements) is two (2) feet above the one hun- 
dred (100) year flood elevation; 

(iii) commercial and industrial structures are cither constructed on 
fill as specified in subparagraph (ii) above, or are adequately Hoodproofed 
up to an elevation no lower than two (2) feet above the one hundred 
(100) year flood elevation. Such floodproofing shall be in accordance with 
the minimum standards adopted by the board. 

(4) The following nonconforming uses shall be prohibited within the 
designated floodway : (a) A building for living purposes or place of assem- 
bly or permanent use l)y human beings ; (b) a structure or excavation 
that will cause water to be diverted from the established floodway, cause 
erosion, obstruct the natural flow of water, or reduce the carrying capacity 
of the floodway; (c) the construction or permanent storage of an object 
subject to flotation or movement during flood level periods. 



89-3507. Permits for obstructions — application — factors considered — 
fees. (1) The department or the responsible political subdivision may 
issue permits for the establishment or alteration of artificial obstructions 
and nonconforming uses which would otherwise violate section 89-3506. 
The application for the permit shall be submitted to the department and 
contain such information as the department or the responsible political 
subdivision requires, including complete maps, plans, profiles and specifi- 
cations of the obstruction or use and watercourse or drainway. 

(2) In passing upon the application, the department or the responsible 
political subdivision shall consider in accordance with the minimum stand- 
ards established by the board : (a) the danger to life and property by water 
which may be backed up or diverted by the obstruction or use; (b) the 
danger that the obstruction or use will be swept downstream to the injury 
of others; (c) the availability of alternate locations; (d) the construction 
or alteration of the obstruction or use in such a manner as to lessen the 
danger; (e) the permanence of the obstruction or use; (f) the anticipated 
development in the foreseeable future of the area which may be affected by 
the obstruction or use; and, (g) such other factors as are in harmony v.ith 
the purpose of this act. The department or the responsible political sub- 
division may make a part of the permit any reasonable conditions it may 
consider advisable. In order for the permit to continue to remain in force, 
the obstruction or use must be maintained so as to comply with the condi- 
tions and specifications of the permit. 

(3) Permits for obstructions or uses to be established in the desig- 
nated floodplain or designated floodway of watercourses must be specifi- 

' cally approved or denied within a reasonable time by the department or the 

-131- 



responsible political subdivision ; permits for obstructions or uses in the 
designated floodplains or designated floodways shall be conclusively 
deemed to have been granted sixty (60) days after the receipt of the appli- 
cation by the department or the responsible political subdivision, or after 
such time as the board or the responsible political subdivision specifies, 
unless the department or the responsible political subdivision notifies the 
applicant that the permit is denied. The responsible political subdivision 
shall send to the department a copy of each permit pursuant to this sec- 
tion. 

(4) An application for a permit shall be accompanied by a nonrefund- 
able application fee of ten dollars ($10) which the state treasurer shall 
credit to the fioodway obstruction removal fund. 



89-3508. Powers and duties of department relative to obstructions. 
(1) Where an obstruction to a designated fioodway established under 
section 89-3504(2) has been created by fallen trees, silt, debris, wreckage, 
unanchored automobile bodies, and like matter, the department may, in its 
discretion, remove the obstruction, in which case the cost of removal shall 
be borne by the department; and 

(2) Where, after investigation, notice, and hearing, an order has 
been issued by the board to the owner of an obstruction not exempt under 
section 89-3506 for its removal or repair, and the order is not complied 
with within such reasonable time as may be prescribed, or if the owner 
cannot be found or determined, the department may make or cause the 
removal or repairs to be made, the cost of which shall be borne by the 
owner and shall be recoverable in the same manner as debts are now 
recoverable by law. 

89-3509. Authority to enter and investigate lands or waters. The de- 
partment or the responsible political subdivision may make reasonable 
entry upon any lands and waters in the state for the purpose of making an 
investigation, survey, removal, or repair contemplated by this act. An 
investigation of a natural or artificial obstruction or nonconforming use 
shall be made by the department either on its own initiative, on the written 
request of any three (3) titleholders of land abutting the watercourse or 
drainway involved, or on the written request of a political subdivision. 

89-3510. Obstructions exempt where drainage area is small. This act 
shall not extend to any obstruction in the floodplain or fioodway of a 
watercourse or drainway where the drainage area above the same, either 
within or without the state, is less than twenty-five (25) square miles in 
extent, unless a particular watercourse or drainway is expressly declared 
to be within the coverage of this act by order of the board.. ' 



89-3511. Orders and rules — ^judicial remedy. The board may adopt 
such orders and niles as arc necessary to implement this act. If an order is 
issued to the owner of an artificial obstruction or nonconforming use not 
exempt under section 89-3506 for its removal or repair, the order shall not 
become effective less than ten (10) days after a hearing is held relating 
to the order. In addition to any requirement imposed by section 89-3504 

-132- 



(2). where an order is issued which affects with particularity the land ad- 
jacent to a watercourse or drainway, notice of the contents of the order 
and of any required hearing shall be mailed by the department to th.e title- 
holder of the land not less than ten (10) days before the effective date of the 
order, or, if there is a required hcarin^j, to the titlehoMer of the laud and 
to the owner of the artilicial obstruction or nonconforming use not less 
than ten (10) days before the date of the hearing; however, the notice 
need not be given to the owner of the artificial obstruction or noncon- 
forming use for an order issued pursuant to section 89-3508 (2) if the 
owner cannot be found or determined. All orders and rules adopted by the 
board shall be on file at the offices of the department and in the ofike of 
the county clerk of each county affected by the order or rule. A person 
aggrieved by any order of the board issued under this act may appeal from 
the order to a court of competent jurisdiction within thirty (30) days after 
its effective date. If an appeal is taken, enforcement of the order shall be 
stayed pending the outcome of the appeal. Service of notice of the appeal 
shall be made upon the department. 



89-3512. Floodway obstruction removal fund. The state treasurer 
shall establish the floodway obstruction removal fund and credit to the 
fund for the removal of obstructions as provided in section 89-3508 (1), such 
money specifically appropriated by the legislature. The department may 
allocate money from the floodway obstruction removal fund for purposes 
provided in section 89-3508 (1). 



89-3513. Penalties for violation. (1) Any person who violates sec- 
tion 6 [89-3506] of this act shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and shall, 
upon conviction thereof, be fined net more than one hundred dollars ($100), 
or be imprisoned in the county jail for not more than ten (10) days, or 
be both so fined and imprisoned. Kach day's continuance of a violation 
shall be deemed a separate and distinct ofTense. 



89-3514. Permit construed as added requirement — exception — immu- 
nity. (1) The granting of a permit under this act does not affect any 
other type of approval required by any other statute or ordinance of the 
state, of any political subdivision or of the United States, but is an added 
requirement; however, if a political subdivision enacts in harmony with 
the purposes of this act permit issuance ordinances, regulations or resolu- 
tions and land-use ordinances, regulations or resolutions which meet or 
exceed the minimum standards of the board, and if the administrative and 
enforcement procedures established for those ordinances, regulations, or 
resolutions are found acceptable by the board, no permit from the depart- 
ment is required; however, if the board determines that there is a failure 
by a political subdivision to comply with the intent, purposes and pro- 
visions of this act and the minimum standards adopted thereunder, the 
powers of the political subdivision may be suspended after hearing, and 
the minimum standards adopted by the board shall be enforced by the 
department until such time as the board determines that the political sub- 



■133- 



division will comply. The grant or denial of a permit does not have an 
effect on a remedy of a person at law or in equity ; however, where it is 
shown that there is a wrongful failure to comply with this act, there is a 
rebuttable presumption that the obstruction was the proximate cause of 
the flooding of the land of a person bringing suit 

(2) An action for damages sustained because of injury caused by an 
obstruction for which a permit has been granted under this act may not 
be brought against the state, the board, a member of the board, or the 
department. This act does not interfere with the right of the United States 
to regelate interstate commerce or the navigable waters of the United 
States. 

89-3515. Remedies not exclusive. The use of any one of the remedies 
or powers given to the board or the department in this act is not a bar to 
the exercise of any other remedy or power given by this act. 



-134- 



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